Ceftriaxone-sulbactam의 주요 호기성 및 혐기성 임상 분리균주에 대한 시험관내 항균력

Title
Ceftriaxone-sulbactam의 주요 호기성 및 혐기성 임상 분리균주에 대한 시험관내 항균력
Author
이양순
Keywords
Antimicrobial susceptibility test; ceftriaxone; sulbactam; combination
Issue Date
2011-10
Publisher
대한진단검사의학회
Citation
Laboratory Medicine Online, Vol.1 No.4 [2011], 209-220(12쪽)
Abstract
Background: β-lactam antibiotics are one of the most common antimicrobial agents. However, the increasing of β-lactamase-producing bacteria makes these agents less useful. Therefore, agents stable for β-lactamase have been developed. This study was conducted to determine the activities of the combination agent ceftriaxone-sulbactam and to compare its activities with other agents. Methods: A total of 437 clinical isolates of aerobic and anaerobic bacteria were collected in Severance Hospital from 2007 to 2011. Using 23 antimicrobial agents, antimicrobial susceptibility tests were performed using the Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute (CLSI) agar dilution method. Results: The minimal inhibitory concentrations (MICs) of ceftriaxone and ceftriaxone-sulbactam were similar to or lower than those of other β-lactam antibiotics for methicillin-susceptible Staphylococcus aureus (MSSA), Streptococcus pneumoniae, S. pyogenes, and viridans group streptococci. For Moraxella catarrhalis, Neisseria gonorrhoeae, Haemophilus influenzae, and H. parainfluenzae, ceftriaxone and the ceftriaxone-sulbactam combination also show low MIC_(50) and MIC_(90). For extended-spectrum β-lactamase (ESBL)-producing E. coli, the MICs of ceftriaxone-sulbactam were lower than those of other cephalosporins. Among the anaerobes, ceftriaxone-sulbactam showed good activity compared to ceftriaxone alone for the Bacteroides fragilis group, B. thetaiotaomicron, other Bacteroides sp., Prevotella sp., and Porphyromonas sp. Conclusions: Ceftriaxone-sulbactam showed good antimicrobial activity and thus is useful for the treatment of infections by MSSA, S. pneumoniae,S. pyogenes, viridans group streptococci, M. catarrhalis, N. gonorrhoeae, H. influenzae, H. parainfluenzae, E. coli, and K. pneumoniae, B. fragilis group, B. thetaiotaomicron, other Bacteroides sp., Prevotella sp., and Porphyromonas sp.
URI
https://www.kci.go.kr/kciportal/ci/sereArticleSearch/ciSereArtiView.kci?sereArticleSearchBean.artiId=ART001593271http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/39959
ISSN
2093-6338
DOI
10.3343/lmo.2011.1.4.7
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > MEDICINE(의학과) > Articles
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