Does submucosal fibrosis affect the results of endoscopic submucosal dissection of early gastric tumors?

Title
Does submucosal fibrosis affect the results of endoscopic submucosal dissection of early gastric tumors?
Author
한동수
Keywords
COLORECTAL TUMORS; CANCER
Issue Date
2012-07
Publisher
MOSBY-ELSEVIER, 360 PARK AVENUE SOUTH, NEW YORK, NY 10010-1710 USA
Citation
GASTROINTESTINAL ENDOSCOPY, 권: 76, 호: 1, 페이지: 59-66
Abstract
Background: Endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) is an effective treatment of early gastric tumors, but submucosal fibrosis can be an obstacle to successful ESD. Objective: To examine the association between endoscopic and pathologic factors and submucosal fibrosis in early gastric tumors, and to measure the association between degree of submucosal fibrosis and outcomes of ESD. Design: A retrospective study. Setting: An academic medical center. Patients: From November 2006 to April 2011, 161 patients with 167 early gastric tumors treated by ESD. Intervention: ESD. Main Outcome Measurements: Endoscopic and pathologic factors related to submucosal fibrosis. Procedure time, en bloc resection rate, and complications according to degree of submucosal fibrosis. Results: In univariate analysis, the presence of endoscopic submucosal fibrosis was significantly related to tumor size, location, ulceration, histologic findings, and submucosal invasion. Multivariate analysis for these factors showed that endoscopic submucosal fibrosis was independently associated with lesions in tumor size greater than 30 mm, in the proximal portion of the stomach, and more common in adenocarcinomas than in adenomas. After correction for multiple testing, only the middle of the stomach as a locational risk factor retains statistical significance. Also, the more advanced the endoscopic submucosal fibrosis, the longer the time required for ESD (P < .0001). The severity of endoscopic submucosal fibrosis was associated with a lower en bloc resection rate and with abundant immediate bleeding. Limitations: Retrospective, single-center study. Conclusion: Submucosal fibrosis of early gastric tumors is closely related to tumor size, location, ulceration, histologic findings, and submucosal invasion. Moreover, the greater the degree of submucosal fibrosis the longer the time taken for the ESD procedure and the higher the frequency of complications such as perforation and immediate bleeding. (Gastrointest Endosc 2012;76:59-66.)
URI
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0016510712004166?_rdoc=1&amp;_fmt=high&amp;_origin=gateway&amp;_docanchor=&amp;md5=b8429449ccfc9c30159a5f9aeaa92ffbhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/39380
ISSN
0016-5107
DOI
10.1016/j.gie.2012.03.172
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > MEDICINE(의학과) > Articles
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