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Effect of Electromagnetic Field Exposure on the Reproductive System: A Review

Title
Effect of Electromagnetic Field Exposure on the Reproductive System: A Review
Author
계명찬
Keywords
Electromagnetic field; Reproduction
Issue Date
2012-03
Publisher
The Korean Society for Reproductive Medicine
Citation
Clinical and Experimental Reproductive Medicine, 2012, 39(1), P.1-9
Abstract
The safety of human exposure to an ever-increasing number and diversity of electromagnetic field (EMF) sources both at work and at home has become a public health issue. To date, many in vivo and in vitro studies have revealed that EMF exposure can alter cellular homeostasis, endocrine function, reproductive function, and fetal development in animal systems. Reproductive parameters reported to be altered by EMF exposure include male germ cell death, the estrous cycle, reproductive endocrine hormones, reproductive organ weights, sperm motility, early embryonic development, and pregnancy success. At the cellular level, an increase in free radicals and $[Ca^{2+}]i$ may mediate the effect of EMFs and lead to cell growth inhibition, protein misfolding, and DNA breaks. The effect of EMF exposure on reproductive function differs according to frequency and wave, strength (energy), and duration of exposure. In the present review, the effects of EMFs on reproductive function are summarized according to the types of EMF, wave type, strength, and duration of exposure at cellular and organism levels.
URI
https://synapse.koreamed.org/DOIx.php?id=10.5653/cerm.2012.39.1.1
ISSN
2233-8241; 2233-8233
DOI
10.5653/cerm.2012.39.1.1
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF NATURAL SCIENCES[S](자연과학대학) > LIFE SCIENCE(생명과학과) > Articles
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