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Size-dependent clearance of gold nanoparticles from lungs of Sprague-Dawley rats after short-term inhalation exposure

Title
Size-dependent clearance of gold nanoparticles from lungs of Sprague-Dawley rats after short-term inhalation exposure
Author
안강호
Keywords
Gold nanoparticles; Biopersistence; Clearance; Size difference; Tissue distribution; SILVER NANOPARTICLES; PARTICLE-SIZE; BIODISTRIBUTION; TOXICITY
Issue Date
2015-07
Publisher
SPRINGER HEIDELBERG
Citation
ARCHIVES OF TOXICOLOGY, v. 89, No. 7, Page. 1083-1094
Abstract
"Gold nanoparticles are known to be distributed to many tissues following their oral, inhalation, or intravenous exposure. Information on the biodistribution and clearance of gold nanoparticles from these tissues is, therefore, important to understand their behavior in vivo. To study the effect of size on the biodistribution of gold nanoparticles, Sprague-Dawley rats were exposed by inhalation to small gold nanoparticles (13 nm in diameter on average) at an exposure concentration of 12.8 +/- A 2.42 A mu g/m(3), and to large gold nanoparticles (105 nm in diameter on average) at an exposure concentration of 13.7 +/- A 1.32 A mu g/m(3). The experimental animals were exposed to the gold nanoparticles and the control animals to fresh air for 5 days (6 h/day), followed by a recovery period of 1, 3, and 28 days in fresh air. None of the exposed animals exhibited any toxic response to the gold nanoparticles. Despite the difference in size, both small and large gold nanoparticles deposited mainly in rat lungs. Their biodistribution from the lungs to secondary target organs was significantly higher with the small compared to the large gold nanoparticles. While the large gold nanoparticles were only found in the blood, the small gold nanoparticles were detected in the liver, spleen, brain, testes, and blood. In addition, the elimination half-life of the small gold nanoparticles from the lungs was significantly shorter than that of the large gold nanoparticles. The present data may, therefore, suggest that the smaller gold nanoparticles are able to translocate from the lungs, the primary exposure organ to extrapulmonary organs at a faster rate than the larger gold nanoparticles and thus confirming previous observations reported in the literature."
URI
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00204-014-1292-9http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/37103
ISSN
0340-5761; 1432-0738
DOI
10.1007/s00204-014-1292-9
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING SCIENCES[E](공학대학) > MECHANICAL ENGINEERING(기계공학과) > Articles
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