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음이온 계면활성제를 사용한 modified Fenton 반응의 과수안정제 개발에 관한 연구

Title
음이온 계면활성제를 사용한 modified Fenton 반응의 과수안정제 개발에 관한 연구
Other Titles
A Study about Development of Hydrogen Peroxide Stabilizer in Modified Fenton Reaction Using Anion Surfactant
Author
박주양
Keywords
과수안정제; 수정펜톤반응; 계면활성제; 페난트린; hydrogen peroxide stabilizer; modified fenton reaction; surfactant; SDS; phenanthrene
Issue Date
2011-07
Publisher
대한토목학회 / KOREAN SOCIETY OF CIVIL ENGINEERS
Citation
Journal of the Korean Society of Civil Engineers, B, 31, 4B, 377-382
Abstract
본 연구에서는 modified fenton 반응에서 과산화수소를 안정화하여 오염토양 정화의 효과를 증대시키고자 하였다. 오염토양을 모사하기 위하여 PAHs 계열의 대표적인 오염물질인 phenanthrene을 사용하였다. 과수안정제로는 음이온 계면활성제인 SDS(Sodium dodecyl Sulfate)를 사용하였다. Modified Fenton 반응에서 phenanthrene의 제거율을 확인하기 위하여 Fe(Ⅱ) 4 mM, SDS 5~50 mM 및 H₂O₂ 102.897 mM를 phenanthrene 125 ㎎/㎏으로 오염된 토양에 주입하였다. 과수안정제인 SDS가 30 mM이 사용된 경우 phenanthrene의 제거 효율이 95%로 가장 높게 나타났으며 30 mM이싱에서는 시스템에서 SDS가 scavenger로 작용하여 오염물질의 제거효율이 SDS 30 mM 일 때 보다 낮게 나타났다. 과수안정제를 사용한 뒤 과산화수소의 농도변화를 분석한 결과 Fe(Ⅱ) 2 mM에서 48시간 이후 14.6995 mM 이상 남아있어서 가장 안정적이었지만, Fe(Ⅲ)을 주입한 경우에는 과산화수소가 안정화되지 않았다. Modified Fenton 반응에서 철과 SDS 농도 사이의 최적의 비율을 찾기 위하여 SDS의 농도는 30 mM로 고정하고 철의 농도를 2~8 mM로 변화시켜 실험한 결과 Fe(Ⅱ) 4 mM 및 SDS 30 mM에서 약 95%의 가장 높은 제거율을 보였다.In this study, hydrogen peroxide is stabilized in modified Fenton reaction to improve the soil remediation. Phenanthrene, which is the typical compound in PAHs, was spiked into soil samples to copy the original contaminated site. Anionic surfactant, SDS (Sodium dodecyl sulfate) was used for hydrogen peroxide stabilizer. 4 mM of Fe(Ⅱ), 5~50 mM of SDS and 102.897 mM of H₂O₂ was injected into soil samples which is contaminated by 125 ㎎/㎏ of phenanthrene to analyze decomposition rate of phenanthrene in modified Fenton reaction. In condition which SDS was injected 30 mM, decomposition rate of phenanthrene has best efficiency as 95% and in condition which SDS was injected over 30 mM, decomposition rate is lower than SDS 30 mM because SDS enacted as scavenger in the system. Results which assess the change of hydrogen peroxide concentration after injecting hydrogen peroxide stabilizer showed that hydrogen peroxide concentration was 14.6995 mM so that is stabilized at Fe(Ⅱ) 2 mM condition in 48 hours. On the other hand, hydrogen peroxide is not stable in Fe(Ⅲ) condition. SDS concentration was fixed and iron concentration was changed 2~8 mM to find out optimize proportion between iron concentration and SDS concentration in modified Fenton reaction. Consequentially, in condition of which Fe(Ⅱ) 4 mM and SDS 30 mM, reaction has the highest removal rate as 95%.
URI
http://www.dbpia.co.kr/Article/NODE01664286http://www.ndsl.kr/ndsl/search/detail/article/articleSearchResultDetail.do?cn=JAKO201101660925481
ISSN
1015-6348
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > CIVIL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING(건설환경공학과) > Articles
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