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Stemming inequality? Employment and pay of female and minority scientists and engineers

Title
Stemming inequality? Employment and pay of female and minority scientists and engineers
Author
오성수
Keywords
Discrimination; Earnings of scientists and engineers; Women and minorities in science
Issue Date
2011-06
Publisher
JAI PRESS INC
Citation
The Social science journal,Vol.48 No.2 [2011],p397-403
Abstract
When white men overwhelmingly dominated the science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) work force, the high pay in STEM occupations was a major source of gender and race inequality in the U.S. economy. As women, Blacks, and Latinos increasingly study STEM fields, new possibilities for achieving pay equality are opening. We test whether the reality matches the promise using two large data sets. Analysis of a five percent Public Use Microdata Sample (PUMS) of the 2000 Census and the 2001-06 American Community Surveys shows that women and minorities earn more, relative to comparable white men, in STEM than in non-STEM fields. This general pattern persists in analysis of a 1% sample of federal personnel records, which include better measures of work experience and education. Thus, federal efforts to increase the representativeness of the STEM workforce should increase pay equality in the economy by moving women and minorities into traditionally high-paying fields. Published by Elsevier Inc on behalf of Western Social Science Association.
URI
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0362331910001199?_rdoc=1&_fmt=high&_origin=gateway&_docanchor=&md5=b8429449ccfc9c30159a5f9aeaa92ffb&ccp=yhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/36608
ISSN
0362-3319
DOI
10.1016/j.soscij.2010.11.008
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF POLICY SCIENCE[S](정책과학대학) > PUBLIC ADMINISTRATION(행정학과) > Articles
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