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Numerical study of a hybrid multi-stage vacuum membrane distillation and pressure-retarded osmosis system

Title
Numerical study of a hybrid multi-stage vacuum membrane distillation and pressure-retarded osmosis system
Author
김우승
Keywords
VMD; Pressure-retarded osmosis; Recycling flow scheme; Distillate water; Power generation; SEAWATER REVERSE-OSMOSIS; POWER-GENERATION; OSMOTIC POWER; SALINITY GRADIENTS; SEA-WATER; DESALINATION PROCESS; MASS-TRANSFER; PERFORMANCE; CORROSION; ENERGY
Issue Date
2015-05
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Citation
DESALINATION, v. 363, Page. 82-91
Abstract
In this study, we introduce a hybrid system that integrates a multi-stage vacuum membrane distillation (MVMD) with pressure-retarded osmosis (PRO). The MVMD system employs a recycling flow scheme (MVDM-R) for the continuous production of both distillate water and highly concentrated brine. The concentrated brine that is produced from the MVMD-R system is then used as a draw solution for power generation in the PRO system. We theoretically assessed the distillate and power production of the MVMD-R-PRO system with respect to inlet feed flow rate and recycling flow ratio in the MVMD-R system. When the inlet feed flow rate is constant, the production of distilled water increases slightly, with a decrease in the recycling flow. The maximum possible brine concentration from the MVMD-R system is 1.9 M NaCl at an inlet feed flow rate of 3 kg/min and a 90% recycling flow. A maximum power density of 9.7 W/m(2) is achieved when river water is used as a feed solution in the PRO system at feed and draw solution flow rates of 0.5 kg/min and a constant hydraulic pressure difference. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
URI
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0011916415000715http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/36272
ISSN
0011-9164; 1873-4464
DOI
10.1016/j.desal.2015.01.043
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING SCIENCES[E](공학대학) > MECHANICAL ENGINEERING(기계공학과) > Articles
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