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의과대학생들의 정신건강 및 이들의 자존감 유지전략이 정신건강에 미치는 영향

Title
의과대학생들의 정신건강 및 이들의 자존감 유지전략이 정신건강에 미치는 영향
Other Titles
Original Article : Mental Health of Medical School Students and the Effects of Their Strategy for Enhancing Self-Esteem
Author
최준호
Keywords
Mental health; Self-esteem; Narcissism; Comparison, MMPI
Issue Date
2011-12
Publisher
한국의학교육학회
Citation
Korean journal of medical education(한국의학교육),Vol.23 No.4 [2011],295-304(10쪽)
Abstract
Purpose: This study investigated the mental health status, self-esteem, social comparison, and narcissism among medical school students. In addition, the mediational effect of social comparison between self-esteem and narcissism was also tested with regard to whether the students compared themselves with others to enhance their own self-esteem. Methods: Data were collected from 427 medical school students at a medical school in Seoul. The questionnaire included the Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory (MMPI) 383 scale, the self-esteem scale, the Iowa-Netherlands Comparison Orientation Measure, and the narcissism scale. Using the MMPI findings, a clinical psychologist screened for possible clinical cases. Then, the frequencies of those with distress were compared between three groups, based on affiliation; premedical, medical, and graduate medical students. Also, the level of self-esteem, social comparison, and narcissism was tested by analysis of (ANCOVA), and the mediational role of social comparison was explored. Results: Irrespective of affiliation, almost 10% of medical school students showed mental illness or distress. Of the clinical scales on the MMPI, the T scores of the Pa (Paranoia), Sc (Schizophrenia), and Ma (Hypomania) scales were higher in premedical and medical school students than in graduate medical school students. In addition, the mediational role of social comparison was confirmed only in medical school students. Conclusion: We demonstrated that subjective distress in certain medical school students needs to be addressed. Also, self-esteem was an important factor that correlated with mental health and distress indices. However, comparing oneself with others to enhance self-esteem by derogating or focusing could result in increased narcissism.
URI
http://kiss.kstudy.com/thesis/thesis-view.asp?key=3164273
ISSN
2005-727x
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > MEDICINE(의학과) > Articles
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