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Post-traumatic stress disorder and occupational characteristics of police officers in Republic of Korea: a cross-sectional study

Title
Post-traumatic stress disorder and occupational characteristics of police officers in Republic of Korea: a cross-sectional study
Author
김인아
Keywords
MENTAL HEALTH; PUBLIC HEALTH
Issue Date
2016-03
Publisher
BMJ PUBLISHING GROUP
Citation
BMJ OPEN, v. 6, NO 3, Article number e009937, Page. 1-7
Abstract
Objective South Korean police officers have a greater workload compared to their counterparts in advanced countries. However, few studies have evaluated the occupational challenges that South Korean police officers face. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate the police officer's job characteristics and risk of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) among South Korean police officers. Design Cross-sectional study. Setting Police officers in South Korea. Participants 3817 police officers with a traumatic event over a 1-year period. Main outcome measures Officers with a response to the Impact of Event Scale (revised Korean version) score of 26 were classified as high risk, and we evaluated their age, sex, department and rank, as well as the frequency and type of traumatic events that they experienced. Results Among the respondents, 41.11% were classified as having a high risk of PTSD. From the perspective of the rank, Inspector group (46.0%) and Assistant Inspector group (42.7%) show the highest frequencies of PTSD. From the perspective of their working division, Intelligence and National Security Division (43.6%) show the highest frequency, followed by the Police Precinct (43.5%) and the Traffic Affairs Management Department (43.3%). It is shown that working in different departments was associated with the prevalence of PTSD (p=0.004). Conclusions The high-risk classification was observed in 41.11% of all officers who had experienced traumatic events, and this frequency is greater than that for other specialised occupations (eg, firefighters). Therefore, we conclude that groups with an elevated proportion of high-risk respondents should be a priority for PTSD treatment, which may help increase its therapeutic effect and improve the awareness of PTSD among South Korean police officers.
URI
http://bmjopen.bmj.com/content/6/3/e009937http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/35695
ISSN
2044-6055
DOI
10.1136/bmjopen-2015-009937
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COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > MEDICINE(의학과) > Articles
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