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Combustion performance, flame, and soot characteristics of gasoline-diesel pre-blended fuel in an optical compression-ignition engine

Title
Combustion performance, flame, and soot characteristics of gasoline-diesel pre-blended fuel in an optical compression-ignition engine
Author
박성욱
Keywords
Gasoline-diesel blended fuel; Fuel/air mixture; Injection timing; Injection pressure; Flame image; Soot emission; Optical engine; Compression-ignition; KIVA-3V
Issue Date
2016-03
Publisher
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Citation
ENERGY CONVERSION AND MANAGEMENT, v. 116, Page. 174-183
Abstract
Among the new combustion technologies available for internal combustion engines to enhance performance and reduce exhausted emissions, the homogeneous charge compression ignition method is one of the most effective strategies for the compression-ignition engine. There are some challenges to realize the homogeneous charge compression ignition method in the compression-ignition engine. The use of gasoline-diesel blended fuel has been suggested as an alternative strategy to take advantages of homogeneous charge compression ignition while overcoming its challenges. Gasoline and diesel fuels are reference fuels for the spark-ignition and compression-ignition engines, respectively, both of which are widely used. The application of both these fuels together in the compression-ignition engine has been investigated using a hybrid injection system combining port fuel injection (gasoline) and direct injection (diesel); this strategy is termed reactivity controlled compression ignition. However, the pre-blending of gasoline and diesel fuels for direct injection systems has been rarely studied. For the case of direct injection of pre-blended fuel into the cylinder, various aspects of blended fuels should be investigated, including their spray breakup, fuel/air mixing, combustion development, and emissions. In the present study, the use of gasoline-diesel pre-blended fuel in an optical single-cylinder compression-ignition engine was investigated under various conditions of injection timing and pressure. Furthermore, KIVA-3V release 2 code was employed to model the formation of fuel/air mixtures in the cylinder. Neat diesel fuel was tested, as well as gasoline-diesel blends of 20% and 40% gasoline mass fraction. Experiments on the mixed fuels showed that the inclusion of gasoline fuel improved fuel/air mixing, yielding more homogeneous mixtures over wider cylinder areas. The low cetane index of gasoline fuel induced long ignition delays in the mixed fuels. Compared with neat diesel combustion flame, blended fuel did not produce the soot flame, white-yellow flame. Soot intensity was calculated based on captured flame images, and its variations were investigated as a function of fuel type and injection conditions. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
URI
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S019689041630125X?via%3Dihubhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/35372
ISSN
0196-8904; 1879-2227
DOI
10.1016/j.enconman.2016.03.003
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > MECHANICAL ENGINEERING(기계공학부) > Articles
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