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개인, 사회물리적 환경과 서울시 어린이 신체활동 및 좌식행동

Title
개인, 사회물리적 환경과 서울시 어린이 신체활동 및 좌식행동
Other Titles
Individual, social and physical environmental correlates of physical activity and sedentary behavior among children in Seoul
Author
최보율
Keywords
physical activity; sedentary behavior; children; environment; correlates
Issue Date
2016-03
Publisher
한국보건교육건강증진학회
Citation
보건교육건강증진학회지, v. 33, NO 1, Page. 49-60
Abstract
Objectives: This study aims to assess the relationships between individual, social and physical environmental correlates and physical activity (PA) and sedentary behavior (SB) in Korean children. Methods: A total of 1,134 elementary school students (512 boys, 5th and 6th graders) in Seoul participated in the survey including self-reported moderate and vigorous intensity PA and SB as well as demographic and psychological correlates. These data were matched them with school- and community-level environmental data from the government sources. The relationships of the multilevel correlates with PA and SE were analyzed using gender-specific hierarchical regression analysis. Results: Boys were more active than girls, but there was no gender difference in SB. Students with higher levels of self-efficacy were more likely to participate in moderate and vigorous PA. There were gender-specific associations between social and physical environments correlates and PA. Boys with higher levels of self-esteem and self-efficacy were less likely to involve in SB. Girls in the 6th grade were more likely to involve in SB. Conclusions: In order to encourage PA and discourage SB in children, school- and community-level environmental support should be considered along with programs to improve self-efficacy and self-esteem.
URI
http://koreascience.or.kr/article/ArticleFullRecord.jsp?cn=BGGJBY_2016_v33n1_49http://www.dbpia.co.kr/Journal/ArticleDetail/NODE06647664http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/35365
ISSN
1229-7631; 1229-4128
DOI
10.14367/kjhep.2016.33.1.49
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > MEDICINE(의학과) > Articles
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