인공수로에서 고농도 탁수가 수질 및 부착 규조류 군집에 미치는 영향

Title
인공수로에서 고농도 탁수가 수질 및 부착 규조류 군집에 미치는 영향
Author
김백호
Issue Date
2011-03
Publisher
한국하천호수학회
Citation
한국하천호수학회지, Page. -
Abstract
인공하천에서 탁수가 부착조류 군집에 미치는 영향을 평가한 연구는 실내에 인공수로 4개를 설치하고, 대조군 2개와 처리군 2개로 반복실험을 실시하였다. 사용된 기질은 1% agar을 바른 슬라이드 글라스( 7.5×2.5cm )이었고, 지점당 40개씩 설치하였다. 조사는 2010년 3월 29일부터 4월 10일까지 총 13일간이었으며, 6일간은 부착조류가 부착할 수 있는 공백기를 주었고, 조사 7일부터 24시간 간격으로 약 50분(50 L)간 고농도의 탁수( 2gL?1 , 300 NTU)를 주입 시켰다. 분석항목은 수질요인(수온, DO, pH, 전기전도도, 탁도, SS, NO2 -N, NO3 -N, NH4 -N, PO4 -P, TN, TP)과 생물량(Chl- α , AFDM), 종조성올 분석하였다. 분석 결과, 처리군의 탁수 농도는 162.2~173.2 NTU로 나타났다. 탁수 발생에 따라 감소하는 경향을 보인 수질 항목은 수온, DO 및 TN으로 나타났고, 증가하는 경향을 보인 항목은 SS, NO2 -N, NO3 -N, NH4 -N 및 TP로 나타났다. 부착조류의 생물량(Chl- α , AFDM) 및 밀도는 탁수 주입 후 3 일간 크게 영향을 받지 않았으나 3일 이후부터는 뚜렷한 감소를 보였다. 본 연구의 결과는 단기간의 간헐적인 탁수라 할지라도 그 기간이 일주일 정도 지속된다면 부착 규조류 생물량을 크게 감소시킬 수 있음을 보여주었고, 그를 통한 하천 먹이사슬의 구조적, 기능적 교란의 잠재성을 시사한다.We examined the effect of the turbid water on the periphytic diatom community in an artificial stream system. The artificial stream was constructed with transparent acryl and composed of four channels. Each channel ( 20cm×200cm×40cm ) was supplied continuously with eutrophic lake water. In order to the freely colonize and grow diatoms, artificial substrate was installed with commercial slide glass soaked in 1% agar. Prior to introducing turbid water, the artificial stream was operated with lake water for 6 days to permit the propagation of diatom community on the substrates. The turbid water prepared with sediment sieved with φ 64μm at 2gL?1 (final concentration, 300 NTU) was provided daily for 50 minute duration. The experiment was conducted for 7 days with manipulated experimental condition of light ( 50∼80μmolm?2s?1 , light:dark=24:0), temperature ( 10±1?C ), and flow rate ( 0.31cms?1 ). Sampling and analysis were conducted daily for water quality and diatom. Turbidity of the water varied 162.2~173.2 NTU during the experiment. After introduction of turbid water, DO, pH and TN were decreased, while SS and TP increased significantly. A total of 14 genera and 47 species of diatoms was observed on the artificial substrates during the experimental period. Of these, Navicula appeared to be a most dominant genus with 10 species, followed by Cymbella (6 species), Fragilaria (6 species) and Gomphonema (5 species). Achnanthes minutissima was the most dominant species (>70% of total frequency) in both control and treatment experiments. Increase in diatom abundance lasted for three days since turbid water introduction, after that they gradually decreased by the termination of the experiment. These results suggest that frequent supply of highly-concentrated turbid water significantly decreases the periphytic diatom community, and retard the recovery of the stable food-web within the stream.
URI
http://www.ndsl.kr/ndsl/search/detail/article/articleSearchResultDetail.do?cn=JAKO201118565335344
ISSN
2288-1123; 2288-1115
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF NATURAL SCIENCES[S](자연과학대학) > LIFE SCIENCE(생명과학과) > Articles
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