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Involvement of Calmodulin Kinase II in the Action of Sulphur Mustard on the Contraction of Vascular Smooth Muscle

Title
Involvement of Calmodulin Kinase II in the Action of Sulphur Mustard on the Contraction of Vascular Smooth Muscle
Author
김선정
Keywords
HUMAN KERATINOCYTES; RECEPTOR; CELLS; INHIBITION; ACTIVATION; CONSTRICTION; CHANNELS; ARTERIES; RELEASE; CALCIUM
Issue Date
2011-01
Publisher
Wiley-Blackwell
Citation
Basic & Clinical Pharmacology & Toxicology, 2011, 108(1), P.28-33
Abstract
Sulphur mustard (SM) is an alkylating agent whose mechanism is not fully understood. To investigate the early action of SM, we examined the effect of SM on contraction of vascular smooth muscles. Phenylephrine (PE)-induced contraction was reduced by SM, but only marginally by 70 mM KCl-. Additional reduction was induced by nifedipine in SM-treated arteries. In the absence of extracellular Ca2+, contraction of arteries by PE was reduced, which was fully recovered by addition of 2 mM Ca2+. However, recovery was attenuated by pre-treatment with SM. The effect of SM on contraction by PE was not influenced by pre- and post-treatment with Phorbol 12, 13-dibutyrate. Calmodulin kinase II (CaMKII) was implicated as being responsible for the action of SM, because the contractile mechanisms of vascular smooth muscle via both Ca2+-calmodulin-myosin light chain kinase axis and protein kinase C-proline-rich tyrosine kinase axis were not related to the action of SM. Elevation of phosphorylated CaMKII level by Ionomycin or PE was attenuated by treatment of SM on western blot. CaMKII may be a candidate target molecule of SM in early stage contraction of vascular smooth muscle.
URI
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.1742-7843.2010.00623.x/abstract?
ISSN
1742-7835
DOI
10.1111/j.1742-7843.2010.00623.x
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > ELECTRICAL AND BIOMEDICAL ENGINEERING(전기·생체공학부) > Articles
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