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Newspaper Market Structure and Behavior: Partisan Coverage of Political Scandals in the United States from 1870 to 1910

Title
Newspaper Market Structure and Behavior: Partisan Coverage of Political Scandals in the United States from 1870 to 1910
Author
송병권
Keywords
MEDIA BIAS; CONGRESSIONAL ELECTIONS; SPECIAL INTERESTS; HOUSE ELECTIONS; VOTING-BEHAVIOR; MASS-MEDIA; NEWS; ACCOUNTABILITY; INFORMATION; COMPETITION
Issue Date
2016-03
Publisher
UNIV CHICAGO PRESS
Citation
JOURNAL OF POLITICS, v. 78, NO 2, Page. 368-381
Abstract
We study the effect of competition on media bias in the context of US newspapers in the period 1870-1910. We measure bias as the intensity with which different newspapers cover scandals. Using automatic keyword-based searches, we collected data on 121 scandals and 159 newspapers. We also collected data on the partisanship, frequency of publication, and circulation of the newspapers in our sample, as well as of the newspapers circulating in the same cities or towns as those in our sample. Our results indicate that partisan newspapers cover scandals involving the opposition party's politicians more intensely and cover scandals involving their own party's politicians more lightly. More importantly, we find evidence that competition decreases the degree of media bias. The point estimates suggest that compared to a newspaper in a monopoly position, a newspaper facing two competitors will on average exhibit only 50% as much overall bias in coverage intensity.
URI
http://www.journals.uchicago.edu/doi/10.1086/684597http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/34383
ISSN
0022-3816; 1468-2508
DOI
10.1086/684597
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF POLICY SCIENCE[S](정책과학대학) > POLICY STUDIES(정책학과) > Articles
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