PTEN Promotes Dopaminergic Neuronal Differentiation through Regulation of ERK-dependent Inhibition of S6K Signaling in Human Neuronal Stem Cells

Title
PTEN Promotes Dopaminergic Neuronal Differentiation through Regulation of ERK-dependent Inhibition of S6K Signaling in Human Neuronal Stem Cells
Authors
임미선
Keywords
Cell signaling; Differentiation; Neural differentiation; Neural stem cell; Proliferation
Issue Date
2016-02
Publisher
ALPHAMED PRESS
Citation
STEM CELLS TRANSLATIONAL MEDICINE, v. 5, NO 10, Page. 1319-1329
Abstract
Phosphatase and tension homolog (PTEN) is a widely known negative regulator of insulin/phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) signaling. The PI3K/Akt/mammalian target of rapamycin (PI3K/Akt/mTOR) and Ras-extracellular signal-regulated kinase (Ras-ERK) signaling pathways are the chief mechanisms controlling the survival, proliferation, and differentiation of neural stem cells (NSCs). However, the roles of PTEN in Akt/mTOR and ERK signaling during proliferation and neuronal differentiation of human NSCs (hNSCs) are poorly understood. Treatment of proliferating hNSCs with a specific inhibitor of PTEN or overexpression of the PTEN inactive mutant G129E resulted in an increase in the expression levels of Ki67, p-S6 kinase (p-S6K), and p-ERK without affecting p-Akt expression during proliferation of hNSCs. Therefore, we focused on the regulatory effect of PTEN in S6K and ERK signaling during dopaminergic neuronal differentiation of hNSCs. Overexpression of PTEN during neuronal differentiation of hNSCs caused an increase in p-S6K expression and a decrease in p-ERK expression. Conversely, inhibition of PTEN increased p-ERK expression and decreased p-S6K expression. Inhibition of ERK by a specific chemical inhibitor, U0126, promoted neuronal generation, especially of tyrosine hydroxylase-positive neurons. p-S6K expression increased in a time-dependent manner during differentiation, and this effect was enhanced by U0126. These results indicated that PTEN promoted neuronal differentiation by inhibition of ERK signaling, which in turn induced activation of S6K. Our data suggest that ERK pathways participate in crosstalk with S6K through PTEN signaling during neuronal differentiation of hNSCs. These results represent a novel pathway by which PTEN may modulate the interplay between ERK and S6K signaling, leading to increased neuronal differentiation in hNSCs.
URI
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.5966/sctm.2015-0200/abstract?systemMessage=Wiley+Online+Library+usage+report+download+page+will+be+unavailable+on+Friday+24th+November+2017+at+21%3A00+EST+%2F+02.00+GMT+%2F+10%3A00+SGT+%28Saturday+25th+Nov+for+SGT+http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/31927
ISSN
2157-6564; 2157-6580
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.5966/sctm.2015-0200
Appears in Collections:
RESEARCH INSTITUTE[S](부설연구소) > ETC
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