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The Effect of Sleep Quality on the Development of Type 2 Diabetes in Primary Care Patients

Title
The Effect of Sleep Quality on the Development of Type 2 Diabetes in Primary Care Patients
Author
박훈기
Keywords
Sleep Quality; Diabetes Mellitus; Type 2; Primary Health Care
Issue Date
2016-02
Publisher
KOREAN ACAD MEDICAL SCIENCES
Citation
JOURNAL OF KOREAN MEDICAL SCIENCE, v. 31, NO 2, Page. 240-246
Abstract
Sleep has important effects on physical and mental health, and sleep disorders are associated with increased mortality and morbidity. This study was conducted to evaluate the relationship between sleep duration or sleep quality and the risk of type 2 diabetes. The FACTS (FAmily CohorT Study in primary care) was established to investigate the relations between familial environment and health which was conducted at 22 family medicine outpatient clinics in general hospitals. Total 563 patients without diabetes who received >= 1 year follow-up examination were included in the analysis. We used the Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index to determine sleep quality, and a score of >= 5 was considered to define poor sleep quality. Patients taking oral hypoglycemic agents, having a fasting glucose level of > 126 mg/dL, or diagnosed with diabetes by physicians were classified as having diabetes. The median follow-up period was 2.5 years. Poor sleep quality was associated with a higher risk of diabetes after adjusting for age, sex, body mass index, income, physical activity, and family history of diabetes (relative risk = 2.64; 95% confidence interval, 1.03-6.78). As a risk factor for the development of diabetes, poor sleep quality may independently increase the incidence of diabetes.
URI
https://synapse.koreamed.org/DOIx.php?id=10.3346/jkms.2016.31.2.240http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/31810
ISSN
1011-8934; 1598-6357
DOI
10.3346/jkms.2016.31.2.240
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > MEDICINE(의학과) > Articles
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