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성인의 작문과 문법에 대한 인식 및 능력 조사

Title
성인의 작문과 문법에 대한 인식 및 능력 조사
Other Titles
A Survey on the Adults’ Perception and Ability for Composition and Grammar
Author
김정선
Keywords
작문; 문법 능력; 실용문법; 문법교육; 성인; 설문 조사; 지필 검사; composition; grammar ability; practical grammar; grammar education; adult; questionnaire survey; paper-and-pencil test
Issue Date
2016-02
Publisher
국어교육학회(since1969)
Citation
국어교육연구, NO 60, Page. 135-168
Abstract
In this study, the real state of adult’s perception and ability for composition (writing) and grammar was analyzed through a questionnaire survey and paper-and-pencil test. In summary of this survey result, adult were perceiving the ability of writing would be important in official writings such as report official letter, plan, civil complain, etc. and writing actively mainly in media such as SNS and company email. They were also writing relatively often the writings related to their work or for maintaining their social relationship. It was found that the difficulty they felt during writing was different according to the kinds of writing. Any systematic education of grammar for adults after graduating high schools was not conducted properly. They were also perceiving grammar in narrow sense such as normative wording or vocabulary. Most of the respondents thought knowledge of grammar would be helpful for writing, and they responded that they wrote a writing in consideration of grammar not only for avoiding grammatic errors but also for clarifying their thinking and reinforcing the expression effect of phrase. Lastly, it was found that they preferred the grammar skill focusing on content necessary for writing to the current way of grammar skill focusing on knowledge. Next, in summary of paper-and pencil test, the average of total survey subjects was 44.8 points out of 100. In the linguistic layers, marking was the lowest, 23.2 points, vocabulary 37.6, phrase 51.1 and conversation 67.3. In the average of total points, there was no significant difference between pre-society member and society member, male and female, but it showed a significant difference between 20s and over 20s. A comprehensive review on the implication of the results of above survey and paper-and=pencil test verified that there existed a very strong perception that grammar knowledge wold be necessary for adult’s writing and grammar education should be composed of contents necessary for writing rather than focusing on knowledge. It was found that the grammar necessary for writing should be getting over the level of norm and set up to be oriented mainly toward expression to reveal its thoughts more clearly or transfer effectively its intention. In addition, it was found that the education of composition for adult should be made, different from that in school education, intensively for the writing kinds that adults need such as official writings, objective writings, work-oriented writings, writings to maintain social relationship. Lastly, there was almost none of grammar education for adults up to now and, if any, such education focussed on the accuracy of norm. Nevertheless, the grammar ability of adults showed the lowest score. such result implies that it requires reflection and change in all aspects of the current education of Korean language for adult.
URI
http://www.dbpia.co.kr/Journal/ArticleDetail/NODE06646327http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/31803
ISSN
1225-3014
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF EDUCATION[S](사범대학) > KOREAN LANGUAGE EDUCATION(국어교육과) > Articles
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