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Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Associations between Egg Consumption and Metabolic Syndrome in Adults ˃= 40 Years Old: The Yangpyeong Cohort of the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study (KoGES_Yangpyeong)

Title
Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Associations between Egg Consumption and Metabolic Syndrome in Adults ˃= 40 Years Old: The Yangpyeong Cohort of the Korean Genome and Epidemiology Study (KoGES_Yangpyeong)
Author
최보율
Keywords
CORONARY-HEART-DISEASE; PLASMA HDL CHOLESTEROL; DIETARY-CHOLESTEROL; CARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASE; DIABETES-MELLITUS; WHOLE-EGG; RISK; HEALTH; MEN; MORTALITY
Issue Date
2016-01
Publisher
PUBLIC LIBRARY SCIENCE
Citation
PLOS ONE, v. 11, NO 1, Article number e0147729, Page. 1-15
Abstract
Since the 1970s, the public has been advised to limit egg consumption even though there is little evidence of any harmful effect of eggs on blood cholesterol. The purpose of this cross-sectional and prospective study was to evaluate the potential association between egg consumption and metabolic syndrome (MetS) and MetS components in adults ˃= 40 years in KoGES_Yangpyeong. Yangpyeong is a rural area in South Korea. A total of 2,887 subjects (men 1,115, women 1,772) were recruited from 2005 to 2009, based on a physical examination and questionnaires administered using standardized protocol. After excluding subjects who had MetS at baseline, 1,663 subjects (675 men, 958 women) were followed for 3.20 years (range: 0.34-8.70). During the follow-up period, MetS occurred in 289 subjects. More than 3 eggs per week was significantly associated with decreased risk of MetS in both men (RR = 0.46, 95% CI, 0.26-0.82, P for trend = 0.1093) and women (RR = 0.54, 95% CI, 0.31-0.93, P for trend 0.0325) compared to non-users. There was a cross-sectional inverse relationship between egg consumption and abdominal obesity in men and women. Also, prospectively, higher egg consumption in men was associated with a decreased risk of high fasting blood glucose (RR = 0.39, 95% CI, 0.22-0.67, P for trend = 0.0042) and high triglycerides (RR = 0.42, 95% CI, 0.22-0.80, P for trend = 0.1080). In conclusion, our findings suggest that higher egg consumption may reduce the risk of MetS both in men and women, and the risk of high fasting blood glucose and high triglycerides in men. Current guidelines regarding egg consumption may need to be re-visited for healthy middle-aged and elderly people.
URI
http://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0147729http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/30597
ISSN
1932-6203
DOI
10.1371/journal.pone.0147729
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > MEDICINE(의학과) > Articles
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