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A Diagonal-Steering-Based Binaural Beamforming Algorithm Incorporating a Diagonal Speech Localizer for Persons With Bilateral Hearing Impairment

Title
A Diagonal-Steering-Based Binaural Beamforming Algorithm Incorporating a Diagonal Speech Localizer for Persons With Bilateral Hearing Impairment
Author
김인영
Keywords
Hearing aid; Sound localization; Beamforming; Beam-steering; Binaural
Issue Date
2015-12
Publisher
WILEY-BLACKWELL
Citation
ARTIFICIAL ORGANS, v. 39, NO 12, Page. 1061-1068
Abstract
Previously suggested diagonal-steering algorithms for binaural hearing support devices have commonly assumed that the direction of the speech signal is known in advance, which is not always the case in many real circumstances. In this study, a new diagonal-steering-based binaural speech localization (BSL) algorithm is proposed, and the performances of the BSL algorithm and the binaural beamforming algorithm, which integrates the BSL and diagonal-steering algorithms, were evaluated using actual speech-in-noise signals in several simulated listening scenarios. Testing sounds were recorded in a KEMAR mannequin setup and two objective indices, improvements in signal-to-noise ratio (SNRi) and segmental SNR (segSNR(i)), were utilized for performance evaluation. Experimental results demonstrated that the accuracy of the BSL was in the 90-100% range when input SNR was -10 to +5dB range. The average differences between the -adjusted and -fixed diagonal-steering algorithms (for -15 to +5dB input SNR) in the talking in the restaurant scenario were 0.203-0.937dB for SNRi and 0.052-0.437dB for segSNR(i), and in the listening while car driving scenario, the differences were 0.387-0.835dB for SNRi and 0.259-1.175dB for segSNR(i). In addition, the average difference between the BSL-turned-on and the BSL-turned-off cases for the binaural beamforming algorithm in the listening while car driving scenario was 1.631-4.246dB for SNRi and 0.574-2.784dB for segSNR(i). In all testing conditions, the -adjusted diagonal-steering and BSL algorithm improved the values of the indices more than the conventional algorithms. The binaural beamforming algorithm, which integrates the proposed BSL and diagonal-steering algorithm, is expected to improve the performance of the binaural hearing support devices in noisy situations.
URI
http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/aor.12488/abstract;jsessionid=A5008BF06CB5103AA85732FEBFCC86B3.f02t02http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/30030
ISSN
0160-564X; 1525-1594
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > MEDICINE(의학과) > Articles
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