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Effects of the injection strategy on the mixture formation and combustion characteristics in a DISI (direct injection spark ignition) optical engine

Title
Effects of the injection strategy on the mixture formation and combustion characteristics in a DISI (direct injection spark ignition) optical engine
Author
박성욱
Keywords
DISI (direct injection spark ignition) optical engine; Mixture formation; KIVA code; Flame propagation; Turbulence intensity
Issue Date
2015-12
Publisher
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Citation
ENERGY, v. 93, Page. 1758-1768
Abstract
The present study investigates the effect of the injection strategy on the mixture quality and the consequential combustion characteristics. The injection strategies considered in the present study were divided into two parts: single injection (with a wide range of injection timings during the intake stroke) and double injection (with a short second injection during the compression stroke). The in-cylinder pressure and high-speed flame images were acquired to evaluate the combustion characteristics, and KIVA simulation was conducted to observe the in-cylinder flow and the fuel spray spreading procedure. For the single injection, retarding the injection timing caused an increase in the combustion speed and in-cylinder pressure. In this case, the major factor that increased the in-cylinder pressure was the turbulence intensity; the later injection produced a stronger turbulence at the spark timing, which caused a higher in-cylinder pressure. Meanwhile, the flame propagation direction was mainly affected by the equivalence ratio distribution. The flame speed toward the fuel-lean region was significantly slower than toward the fuel-rich region. The double injection strategy utilized the additional turbulence induced by the spray motion to increase the engine power. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
URI
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0360544215014267?via%3Dihubhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/29557
ISSN
0360-5442; 1873-6785
DOI
10.1016/j.energy.2015.10.058
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > MECHANICAL ENGINEERING(기계공학부) > Articles
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