A comparative study of combined periodontal and orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances and clear aligners in patients with periodontitis

Title
A comparative study of combined periodontal and orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances and clear aligners in patients with periodontitis
Author
한지영
Keywords
Bone regeneration; Malocclusion; Orthodontics; Periodontitis
Issue Date
2015-12
Publisher
KOREAN ACAD PERIODONTOLOGY
Citation
JOURNAL OF PERIODONTAL AND IMPLANT SCIENCE, v. 45, NO 6, Page. 193-204
Abstract
Purpose: With the increasing prevalence of orthodontic treatment in adults, clear aligner treatments are becoming more popular. The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of orthodontic treatment on periodontal tissue and to compare orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances (FA) to clear aligner treatment (CAT) in periodontitis patients. Methods: A total of 35 patients who underwent orthodontic treatment in the Department of Periodontology were included in this study. After periodontal treatment with meticulous oral hygiene education, patients underwent treatment with FA or CAT, and this study analyzed patient outcomes depending on the treatment strategy. Clinical parameters were assessed at baseline and after orthodontic treatment, and the duration of treatment was compared between these two groups. Results: The overall plaque index, the gingival index, and probing depth improved after orthodontic treatment (P<0.01). The overall bone level also improved (P=0.045). However, the bone level changes in the FA and CAT groups were not significantly different. Significant differences were found between the FA and CAT groups in probing depth, change in probing depth, and duration of treatment (P<0.05). However, no significant differences were found between the FA and CAT groups regarding the plaque index, changes in the plaque index, the gingival index, changes in the gingival index, or changes in the alveolar bone level. The percentage of females in the CAT group (88%) was significantly greater than in the FA group (37%) (P<0.01). Conclusions: After orthodontic treatment, clinical parameters were improved in the FA and CAT groups with meticulous oral hygiene education and plaque control. Regarding plaque index and gingival index, no significant differences were found between these two groups. We suggest that combined periodontal and orthodontic treatment can improve patients' periodontal health irrespective of orthodontic techniques.
URI
https://synapse.koreamed.org/DOIx.php?id=10.5051/jpis.2015.45.6.193http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/29431
ISSN
2093-2278; 2093-2286
DOI
10.5051/jpis.2015.45.6.193
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > MEDICINE(의학과) > Articles
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