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비정규직 고용과 기업성과의 비선형적 관계에 관한 연구

Title
비정규직 고용과 기업성과의 비선형적 관계에 관한 연구
Other Titles
The Study of Curvilinear Relationship between Nonstandard Employment and Firm Performance
Author
이상민
Keywords
비정규직 고용; 재무적 성과; 곡선적 관계; 노동시장 유연성; 상황 구성적 관점; Nonstandard employment; contingent work; contingent labor; firm financial performance; curvilinear relationship; labor market flexibility; contingent configurational perspective
Issue Date
2015-12
Publisher
한국경영학회
Citation
경영학연구, v. 44, NO 6, Page. 1735-1758
Abstract
본 연구는 비정규직 고용과 기업성과 간의 관계를 보다 면밀하게 논의하기 위하여, 상황 구성적 관점(contingent configurational view)을 바탕으로 비정규직 고용과 기업의 재무적 성과 간의 관계를 살펴보고자 한다. 비정규직은IMF 경제위기를 기점으로 활성화된 고용 형태로, 기업이 고용유연성을 개선하기 위하여 활용하는 주요 수단이다. 본 연구는 지금까지 진행된 비정규직 고용과 기업성과 간의 다양한 논의들을 통하여 비정규직 고용과 재무적 성과 간의 역유자형(inverted U-shape) 관계를 가설로 제시한다. 가설 검증을 위하여 2007, 2009, 2011 사업체패널 조사 자료를 사용한다. 분석 결과에 따르면, 비정규직 고용은 인당영업이익으로 측정된 재무적 성과와 곡선적 관계를 가지는 것으로 나타났다. 그리고 이러한 곡선적 관계를 보다 면밀하게 논의하기 위하여 산업별 그리고 기업규모별로 이러한 관계가 어떻게변화하는지 살펴보았다. 그 결과, 대기업과 제조업에서 비정규직 고용과 인당영업이익은 곡선적 관계를 가지는 것으로 확인되었다. 그러나 중소기업에서는 유의미한 관계가 발견되지 않았다. This study investigated the relationship between nonstandard employment and firm financial performance based on contingent configurational perspective (Lepak & Snell, 1999). The theory suggests a moderate level of employment externalization improve firm performance. Nonstandard work is the one form of employments. Previous studies have insisted linear relationship between nonstandard employment and firm performance. Based on various precede literatures of the relationship between nonstandard employment and firm performance, we hypothesized inverted U-shape relationship between nonstandard employment and firm financial performances. To investigate the hypothesis, we used 「2007 workplace panel survey」, 「2009 workplace panel survey」, 「2011 workplace panel survey」provided by Korea Labor institute. We found the curvelinear relationship between nonstandard employment and financial performance in terms of the per business profits. Furthermore, we investigated curvelinear relationship between nonstandard employment and financial performance depends on industry and firm size. We found the curvelinear relationship between nonstandard employment and the per business profits in manufacturing industry and large sized firms. However, we did not find significant relationship between nonstandard employment and the per business profits in non-manufacturing industry and small and medium sized firms. According to the result, we proposed expanded theoretical perspective in the relationship between nonstandard employment and firm performance. We suggested that a moderate ratio of nonstandard worker archive the highest level of firm performance. In addition, we insisted that the firms need to consider a reasonable ratio of nonstandard worker in the organization depend on specific organizational context. Therefore, the firm inquire various way to manage nonstandard worker such as transition of nonstandard employment to the standard employment.
URI
http://www.dbpia.co.kr/Journal/ArticleDetail/NODE06570753http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/29328
ISSN
1226-1874
DOI
10.17287/kmr.2015.44.6.1735
Appears in Collections:
GRADUATE SCHOOL OF BUSINESS[S](경영전문대학원) > BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION(경영학과) > Articles
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