A Preliminary Study of the Effects of an Arts Education Program on Executive Function, Behavior, and Brain Structure in a Sample of Nonclinical School-Aged Children

Title
A Preliminary Study of the Effects of an Arts Education Program on Executive Function, Behavior, and Brain Structure in a Sample of Nonclinical School-Aged Children
Authors
이종민
Keywords
arts education; cortical thickness; diffusion tensor imaging; cognition; behavior; child
Issue Date
2015-11
Publisher
SAGE PUBLICATIONS INC
Citation
JOURNAL OF CHILD NEUROLOGY, v. 30, NO 13, Page. 1757-1766
Abstract
The authors examined the effects of arts education on cognition, behavior, and brain of children. Twenty-nine nonclinical children participated in a 15-week arts education program that was composed of either creative movement or musical arts. Children completed the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, clinical scales, and brain magnetic resonance imaging before and after the intervention. Following program completion, performances on the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, the Children's Depression Inventory scores, and conduct disorder scores were significantly improved. Furthermore, cortical thickness in the left postcentral gyrus and superior parietal lobule were increased, and the mean diffusivity values in the right posterior corona radiate and superior longitudinal fasciculus were decreased. Positive correlations between changes in cognitive measurements and changes in cortical thickness were observed. This preliminary study suggests a positive effect of arts education on executive functions in association with brain changes. However, these findings must be interpreted with caution due to the noncomparative study design.
URI
http://journals.sagepub.com/doi/10.1177/0883073815579710http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/29076
ISSN
0883-0738; 1708-8283
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1177/0883073815579710
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > ETC
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