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Crystalline Matrix of Mesoporous TiO2 Framework for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell Application

Title
Crystalline Matrix of Mesoporous TiO2 Framework for Dye-Sensitized Solar Cell Application
Author
강용수
Keywords
INORGANIC MATERIALS; NANOWIRE ARRAYS; METAL-OXIDES; EFFICIENCY; FILMS; CONVERSION; OPTIMIZATION; GENERATION; TEMPLATES; PORES
Issue Date
2015-11
Publisher
AMER CHEMICAL SOC
Citation
JOURNAL OF PHYSICAL CHEMISTRY C, v. 119, NO 44, Page. 24902-24909
Abstract
In the present study, a well-ordered columnar porous TiO2 matrix is designed via inverted triblock copolymers self-assembly and introduced as a photoanode for dye-sensitized solar cells (DSSCs). The inverted triblock copolymer, polystyrene-b-poly(ethylene oxide)-b-polystyrene, with the hydrophobic polystyrene segments at both ends of a hydrophilic poly(ethylene oxide) chain is synthesized by atom transfer radical polymerization. These reverse-featured triblock copolymers allow facile stacking to 3-dimensional (D) columnar porous matrix from 2-D porous film via hydrophobic hydrophilic interaction. A 3-D matrix with well-ordered cylindrical pores is favorable to current flow by providing a direct electron pathway. DSSCs with a 3-D matrix of 2 mu m thickness show an enhanced photocurrent density of 8.1 mA cm(-2) and higher photoconversion efficiency of 4.23% compared with those of TiO2 nanoparticle photoelectrode under the illumination of 1 sun (AM 1.5 G 100 mW cm(-2)). For the first time, we address that a 3-D metal oxide electrode with columnar pore is demonstrated via reverse-featured triblock copolymer and analyzed with relationships between their structural features and impedance spectroscopy for DSSCs.
URI
http://pubs.acs.org/doi/10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b08639http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/28962
ISSN
1932-7447
DOI
10.1021/acs.jpcc.5b08639
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > ENERGY ENGINEERING(에너지공학과) > Articles
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