Proper target depth of an accelerometer-based feedback device during CPR performed on a hospital bed: a randomized simulation study

Title
Proper target depth of an accelerometer-based feedback device during CPR performed on a hospital bed: a randomized simulation study
Author
임태호
Keywords
CHEST COMPRESSION DEPTH; CARDIAC-ARREST RESUSCITATION; BASIC LIFE-SUPPORT; CARDIOPULMONARY-RESUSCITATION; VENTRICULAR-FIBRILLATION; MANNEQUIN MODEL; QUALITY; GUIDELINES; SURVIVAL; ASSOCIATION
Issue Date
2015-10
Publisher
W B SAUNDERS CO-ELSEVIER INC
Citation
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF EMERGENCY MEDICINE, v. 33, NO 10, Page. 1425-1429
Abstract
Purpose: Feedback devices are used to improve chest compression (CC) quality related to survival rates in cardiac arrest. However, several studies have shown that feedback devices are not sufficiently reliable to ensure adequate CC depth on soft surfaces. Here, we determined the proper target depth of feedback (TDF) using an accelerometer during cardiopulmonary resuscitation in hospital beds. Methods: In prospective randomized crossover study, 19 emergency physicians performed CCs for 2 minutes continuously on a manikin in 2 different beds with 3 TDFs (5, 6, and 7 cm). We measured CC depth, the proportion of accurate compression depths, CC rate, the proportion of incomplete chest decompressions, the velocity of CC (CC velocity), the proportion of time spent in CC relative to compression plus decompression (duty cycle), and the time spent in CC (CC time). Results: Mean (SD) CC depths at TDF 5, 6, and 7 were 45.42 (5.79), 52.68 (4.18), and 58.47 (2.48) on one bed and 46.26 (4.49), 53.58 (3.15), and 58.74 (2.10) mm on the other bed (all P ˂ .001), respectively. The proportions of accurate compression depths and CC velocity at TIN 5, 6, and 7 differed significantly according to TIN on both beds (all P ˂ .001).The CC rate, CC time, and proportion of incomplete chest decompression did not differ on both beds (all P ˃ .05). The duty cycle differed significantly on only B2. Conclusions: The target depth of the real-time feedback device should be at least 6 cm but should not exceed 7 cm for optimal CC on patients on hospital beds. (C) 2015 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
URI
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0735675715005665http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/27901
ISSN
0735-6757; 1532-8171
DOI
10.1016/j.ajem.2015.07.010
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COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > MEDICINE(의학과) > Articles
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