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Fabrication of Biodegradable Polylactide Foam for Algal Bloom Control

Title
Fabrication of Biodegradable Polylactide Foam for Algal Bloom Control
Author
김성훈
Keywords
Polylactide foam; Algicide; Biodegradable; Algal bloom
Issue Date
2015-10
Publisher
KOREAN FIBER SOC
Citation
FIBERS AND POLYMERS, v. 16, NO 10, Page. 2087-2093
Abstract
Eutrophication of reservoirs, lakes and rivers is the phenomenon that induces algal blooms by accumulating nutriments in the water system because of the continuous inflow of pollutants such as domestic sewage and industrial wastewater. This phenomenon is a global environmental problem that threatens water systems, coastal ecosystems and even human life. A recent method to solve the problem is the use of scaffolding for releasing algicide. Although this method has the effect of controlling algae, it can cause secondary environmental problems such as toxicity to other species and waste of the used scaffold. In this research, to improve the eco-friendliness and efficiency of the algicide-releasing process, biodegradable polymer foam as a carrier of the algicide was prepared. Polylactide is a biodegradable polymer that can be obtained from natural resources such as cornstarch and tapioca starch. Polylactide foam, which has high porosity and surface area because of its open-cell structure, was produced using the salt-leaching method. The most important property of polylactide foam is controlling the pore size to make it suitable for the size of the algicide. The pore size of polylactide foam is controlled by the size of the used salt particle itself. The pore size and porosity were confirmed by analyzing the morphology of polylactide foam. The algicide was loaded on the polylactide foam using the injection method. A microcosm test of Stephanodiscus was performed to confirm the efficiency of algicide release from the polylactide foam. To investigate the biodegradability of the polylactide foam, an enzymatic degradation test was performed.
URI
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs12221-015-5555-8http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/27863
ISSN
1229-9197; 1875-0052
DOI
10.1007/s12221-015-5555-8
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > ORGANIC AND NANO ENGINEERING(유기나노공학과) > Articles
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