mCSEM inversion for CO2 sequestration monitoring at a deep brine aquifer in a shallow sea

Title
mCSEM inversion for CO2 sequestration monitoring at a deep brine aquifer in a shallow sea
Author
설순지
Keywords
a priori information; carbon dioxide; inversion; marine CSEM; monitoring
Issue Date
2015-08
Publisher
CSIRO PUBLISHING
Citation
EXPLORATION GEOPHYSICS, v. 46, NO 3, Page. 236-252
Abstract
Carbon dioxide injection monitoring in offshore environments is a promising future application of the marine controlled-source electromagnetic (mCSEM) method. To investigate whether the mCSEM method can be used to quantitatively monitor variations in the distribution of the injected CO2, we developed a mCSEM inversion scheme and conducted numerical analyses. Furthermore, to demonstrate the monitoring capability of the mCSEM method in challenging environments, we used a deep brine aquifer model in shallow sea as an injection target. Them CSEM responses of the injected CO2 in the deep brine aquifer were severely decayed and heavily masked by the air wave due to the proximity of the free space. Therefore, the accurate computation of small mCSEM responses due to the injected CO2 and the proper incorporation into the inversion process are critically important for the mCSEM method to be successful. Additionally, in monitoring situations, some useful a priori information is usually available (e.g. well logs and seismic sections), and the proper implementation of this to our inversion framework is crucial to ensure reliable estimation of the distribution of the injected CO2 plume. In this study, we developed an efficient 2.5D mCSEM inversion algorithm based on an accurate forward modelling algorithm and the judicious incorporation of a priori information into our inversion scheme. The inversion scheme was tested with simplified and realistic CO2 injection models and successfully recovered the resistivity distributions of the injected CO2, although it still required the presence of a considerable amount of the injected CO2. Based on these inversion experiments, we demonstrated that the mCSEM method is capable of quantitatively monitoring variations in the distribution of injected CO2 in offshore environments.
URI
http://library.seg.org/doi/abs/10.1071/EG14096http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/27120
ISSN
0812-3985; 1834-7533
DOI
10.1071/EG14096
Appears in Collections:
RESEARCH INSTITUTE[S](부설연구소) > ETC
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