국제물품매매협약(CISG) 제79조(면책)와 관련한 몇 가지 쟁점

Title
국제물품매매협약(CISG) 제79조(면책)와 관련한 몇 가지 쟁점
Other Titles
Several Issues regarding Article 79 (Exemption) of the U.N. Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods(CISG)
Authors
김선국
Keywords
국제물품매매협약; 불가항력; 사정변경의 원칙; hardship; 면책법리; CISG; Exemption; Force Majeure; Change of Circumstances
Issue Date
2015-08
Publisher
한국무역상무학회
Citation
무역상무연구, v. 67, Page. 1-21
Abstract
U. N. Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (hereinafter the 'CISG' or the 'Convention') has been in force more than 37 years. The CISG responds to the need for uniform sales law. First of all, the biggest barrier against the uniformity in sales law is so-called “homeward trend”. Professor Honnold, who served as secretary of UNCITRAL during the time in which the CISG was developed, pointed out the danger of “homeward trend” like this in his Article. “One threat to international uniformity in interpretation is a natural tendency to read the international text through the lenses of domestic law.” CISG Article 79 is the principal provision governing the extent to which a party is exempt from liability for a failure to perform any of his obligations due to an impediment beyond his control. So-called 'Manfred Forberich' decision regarding the article 79 represents the most extreme example of what is likely the most dangerous error that tribunals applying the CISG can make. CISG Article 79 only governs impossibility of performance, and there is a controversy whether a disturbance which does not fully exclude performance, but it considerably more difficult or onerous(hardship, change of circumstances, economic impossibility) can be considered as an impediment. Unlike PICC and PECL, the CISG governs contract of sale. Therefore, events such as a sudden increase in the price of raw materials or a dramatic devaluation of currency, will not allow the seller to avoid his liability for non-delivery of the goods or to require renegotiation of the terms of the contract of sale. We should bear in mind that the CISG should be interpreted and applied in the context of the CISG itself.
URI
http://scholar.dkyobobook.co.kr/searchDetail.laf?barcode=4010024656046#http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/26792
ISSN
1229-2036
Appears in Collections:
ETC > 연구정보
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