Tsunami propagation over varying water depths

Title
Tsunami propagation over varying water depths
Authors
조용식
Keywords
Tsunami; Boussinesq equations; Numerical simulation; Numerical dispersion
Issue Date
2015-06
Publisher
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Citation
OCEAN ENGINEERING, v. 101, Page. 67-77
Abstract
The linear Boussinesq equations are an ideal model for transoceanic propagation of tsunamis. However, they are impractical for real-time application because Boussinesq-type equation models rely on a fine grid system and therefore require a huge computational domain. Thus, shallow-water equations models are the preferred method of predicting propagation and run-up of near- and far-field tsunamis since they produce fairly accurate results with a much smaller computational requirement. There may be an additional benefit in including physical dispersion effects in numerical models since shallow-water equations theoretically neglect the effect of dispersion on the transoceanic propagation of tsunamis. In this study, a modified finite difference scheme was proposed that adds terms to the linear shallow-water equations in order to account for varying water depths. The proposed model was verified by applying it to tsunami propagation over a submerged shoal and the results were compared with those of the well-known Boussinesq equations model, FUNWAVE. The proposed model was further tested by simulating transoceanic tsunami propagation on real topographies and comparing the numerical results with available observed data. (C) 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
URI
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0029801815000815http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/25762
ISSN
0029-8018
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.oceaneng.2015.04.006
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > ETC
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