Phospholipase D1 Increases Bcl-2 Expression During Neuronal Differentiation of Rat Neural Stem Cells

Title
Phospholipase D1 Increases Bcl-2 Expression During Neuronal Differentiation of Rat Neural Stem Cells
Authors
한중수
Keywords
Phospholipase D1; Bcl-2; Neural differentiation; Neural stem cells
Issue Date
2015-05
Publisher
HUMANA PRESS INC
Citation
MOLECULAR NEUROBIOLOGY, v. 51, NO 3, Page. 1089-1102
Abstract
We studied the possible role of phospholipase D1 (PLD1) in the neuronal differentiation, including neurite formation of neural stem cells. PLD1 protein and PLD activity increased during neuronal differentiation. Bcl-2 also increased. Downregulation of PLD1 by transfection with PLD1 siRNA or a dominant-negative form of PLD1 (DN-PLD1) inhibited both neurite outgrowth and Bcl-2 expression. PLD activity was dramatically reduced by a PLC gamma (phospholipase C gamma) inhibitor (U73122), a Ca(2+)chelator (BAPTA-AM), and a PKC alpha (protein kinase C alpha) inhibitor (RO320432). Furthermore, treatment with arachidonic acid (AA) which is generated by the action of PLA2 (phospholipase A2) on phosphatidic acid (a PLD1 product), increased the phosphorylation of p38 MAPK and CREB, as well as Bcl-2 expression, indicating that PLA2 is involved in the differentiation process resulting from PLD1 activation. PGE2 (prostaglandin E2), a cyclooxygenase product of AA, also increased during neuronal differentiation. Moreover, treatment with PGE2 increased the phosphorylation of p38 MAPK and CREB, as well as Bcl-2 expression, and this effect was inhibited by a PKA inhibitor (Rp-cAMP). As expected, inhibition of p38 MAPK resulted in loss of CREB activity, and when CREB activity was blocked with CREB siRNA, Bcl-2 production also decreased. We also showed that the EP4 receptor was required for the PKA/p38MAPK/CREB/Bcl-2 pathway. Taken together, these observations indicate that PLD1 is activated by PLC gamma/PKC alpha signaling and stimulate Bcl-2 expression through PLA2/Cox2/EP4/PKA/p38MAPK/CREB during neuronal differentiation of rat neural stem cells.
URI
http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs12035-014-8773-yhttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/24918
ISSN
0893-7648; 1559-1182
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s12035-014-8773-y
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COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > MEDICINE(의학과) > Articles
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