Carbothermal synthesis of molybdenum(IV) oxide as a high rate anode for rechargeable lithium batteries

Title
Carbothermal synthesis of molybdenum(IV) oxide as a high rate anode for rechargeable lithium batteries
Authors
선양국
Keywords
Molybdenum oxide; Anode; High rate; Lithium; Battery
Issue Date
2015-04
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Citation
JOURNAL OF POWER SOURCES, v. 280, Page. 1-4
Abstract
MoO2 is synthesized via carbothermal reduction, using pitch, of hydrothermally produced MoO3 nanobelts. X-ray diffraction (XRD) and electron microscopic data indicate that the MoO3 is readily reduced to MnO2 and the smooth surfaces are modified by carbon products after the heat treatment in reduction atmosphere. The produced carbon-coated MoO2 lengthened a few micrometers is ball-milled to reduce the particle size below 100 nm. Electrochemical tests of the milled carbon-coated MoO2 electrode demonstrate a high discharge (reduction) capacity approximately 248 mAh (g-MoO2)(-1) at 150 mA g(-1) (0.5 C-rate) with an average operation voltage of 1.3 V, and the resulting charge (oxidation) capacity approximates to 208 mAh g(-1). The charge capacity is retained about 98.6% upon cycling. The carboncoated MoO2 electrode is also suitable for high rate charge and discharge, reaching 129 mAh g(-1) for charge and 146 mAh g(-1) for discharge even at 30 C-rates (9 A g(-1)), suggesting feasibility of the MoO2 as the anode material suitable for high rate applications. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
URI
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0378775315000439http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/23842
ISSN
0378-7753; 1873-2755
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jpowsour.2015.01.042
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY ENGINEERING(에너지공학과) > Articles
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