Effect of methanol treatment on gas sorption and transport behavior of intrinsically microporous polyimide membranes incorporating Troger's base

Title
Effect of methanol treatment on gas sorption and transport behavior of intrinsically microporous polyimide membranes incorporating Troger's base
Authors
이영무
Keywords
Troger's base; TB; Polyimides; Dual-mode sorption; Gas transport; Plasticization
Issue Date
2015-04
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV
Citation
JOURNAL OF MEMBRANE SCIENCE, v. 480, Page. 104-114
Abstract
The gas sorption behavior of polyimides (PIs) incorporating Troger's base (TB) units was investigated for five representative small gases (H-2, N-2, O-2, CH4, and CO2) by barometric pressure decay methods at 35 degrees C. Methanol treatment of the PI-TB membranes increased the sorption, diffusion, and permeation of the small gas molecules because of increased interactions between the polymer and gas molecules as well as an increase of the FFV due to dilation of the polymers. Two different solubility determination methods, pressure decay based and time-lag based methods, were introduced and compared. The gas solubilities of relatively condensable gases such as CO2 and CH4 showed good agreement between the two solubility measurements. Two different dianhyclricles (6FDA and BTDA) in the PI-TBs were also introduced to determine their structural contributions to the gas sorption and transport properties. The two PI-TBs showed similar behavior in Henry's mode sorption. However, their Langmuir mode sorption demonstrated distinctive behavior, resulting in different gas transport phenomena. Methanol treated PI-TB membranes exhibited plasticization resistance for CO2 permeation under high CO2 content feed in CO2/CH4 mixture. Incorporating TB units in the Pl backbones achieved comparable microporosity and gas permeability results especially for CO2 separation in highly permeable polymer membranes. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
URI
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0376738815000381http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/23823
ISSN
0376-7388; 1873-3123
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2015.01.022
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > ENERGY ENGINEERING(에너지공학과) > Articles
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