Influence of water-soluble conjugated/non-conjugated polyelectrolytes on electrodeposition of nanostructured MnO2 film for supercapacitors

Title
Influence of water-soluble conjugated/non-conjugated polyelectrolytes on electrodeposition of nanostructured MnO2 film for supercapacitors
Authors
한성환
Keywords
Thin film; Microporous materials; Inorganic compound; Electrochemical properties
Issue Date
2015-03
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCIENCE SA
Citation
MATERIALS CHEMISTRY AND PHYSICS, v. 155, Page. 211-216
Abstract
Manganese dioxide (MnO2) thin films are deposited electrochemically on an indium tin-oxide (ITO) electrode using aqueous bath in presence of conjugated water soluble sulfonated polyaniline (SPAN) or a non-conjugated polyacrylic acid (PAA) polyelectrolyte surfactant. The surface morphology and nature of the electrodeposited MnO2 films are found to be influenced strongly by the amount and type of polyelectrolyte in the deposition bath. Increasing the SPAN concentration, a porous structure resulting from the reduction of voids between the MnO2 nano-flakes is obtained. In contrast, by increasing the PAA concentration, dense and spherical MnO2 nanostructures have been deposited. These results may be caused by initiation of different kinetics and orientation of nucleation of MnO2 deposits on ITO surface in presence of different types of polyelectrolytes. Cyclic voltammetry study of these films shows the supercapacitor behavior. The porous MnO2 films grown from the SPAN containing electrolyte demonstrates a specific capacitance of 368.53 F/g at scan rate of 10 mV/s, which is approximately 10 times higher (i.e., 30.29 F/g) than that of the spherical MnO2 dense films grown from PAA containing electrolyte. (C) 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
URI
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0254058415001224http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/22905
ISSN
0254-0584; 1879-3312
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.matchemphys.2015.02.027
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF NATURAL SCIENCES[S](자연과학대학) > CHEMISTRY(화학과) > Articles
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