Ultrasensitive, highly specific, colorimetric recognition of sulfide ions [S2-] in aqueous media: applications to environmental analysis

Title
Ultrasensitive, highly specific, colorimetric recognition of sulfide ions [S2-] in aqueous media: applications to environmental analysis
Author
한성환
Keywords
GOLD NANOPARTICLES; HYDROGEN-SULFIDE; FLUORESCENCE; SULFUR; NANOCLUSTERS; ABSORPTION; PROBE; SENSOR; ANION; HG2+
Issue Date
2015-03
Publisher
ROYAL SOC CHEMISTRY
Citation
ANALYTICAL METHODS, v. 7, NO 6, Page. 2547-2553
Abstract
Herein, we have demonstrated a simple, ultrasensitive and highly specific colorimetric assay for the detection of sulfide ions (S2-) based on the aggregation of nanoparticles via electrostatic interaction of a surface capped gold nanoparticles with S2- in aqueous media. Cetylpyridinium bromide capped gold nanoparticles (CPB-AuNPs) were synthesized by a borohydride chemical reduction method and further characterized using UV-visible and fluorescence spectroscopy, transmission electron microscopy (TEM), dynamic light scattering (DLS) and zeta potential measurements. The change in color from red to purple immediately after the addition of S2- in the solution of CPB-AuNPs was first monitored by the naked eye and then by UV-vis spectroscopy to construct calibration plot for practical applications. Under the optimized circumstances, a plot of [(A(0) - A)/A] versus the concentrations of S2- was linear over the range of 0.01-1.0 mu g mL(-1) with a correlation coefficient of 0.9952. The developed method also shows excellent selectivity towards S2- by a factor of 20-fold or more relative to sixteen interfering ions that were tested. The probe offers a low limit of detection (LOD) up to 0.0013 mu g mL(-1) (40.6 nM), which is much lower (about 400-fold) than the maximum level (0.5 mu g mL(-1) or 15 625 nM) of S2- in drinking water permitted by the World Health Organization (WHO). Moreover, our results demonstrate the practical applicability of the probe for S2- sensing in environmental water samples without pretreatment or use of a masking agent. Therefore, the proposed scheme could be a good alternative means for onsite and real time screening of S2-.
URI
http://pubs.rsc.org/en/Content/ArticleLanding/2015/AY/C4AY03048F#!divAbstracthttp://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/22858
ISSN
1759-9660; 1759-9679
DOI
10.1039/c4ay03048f
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COLLEGE OF NATURAL SCIENCES[S](자연과학대학) > CHEMISTRY(화학과) > Articles
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