Low dose steroid-induced tumor lysis syndrome in a hepatocellular carcinoma patient

Title
Low dose steroid-induced tumor lysis syndrome in a hepatocellular carcinoma patient
Authors
윤병철
Keywords
Tumor lysis syndrome; Hepatocellular carcinoma; Steroid
Issue Date
2015-03
Publisher
대한간학회
Citation
Clinical and Molecular Hepatology, v. 21, NO 1, Page. 85-88
Abstract
Tumor lysis syndrome is rare in hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC), but it has been reported more frequently recently in response to treatments such as transcatheter arterial chemoembolization (TACE), radiofrequency thermal ablation (RFTA), and sorafenib. Tumor lysis syndrome induced by low-dose steroid appears to be very unusual in HCC. We report a patient with hepatitis-C-related liver cirrhosis and HCC in whom tumor lysis syndrome occurred due to low-dose steroid (10 mg of prednisolone). The patient was a 90-year-old male who presented at the emergency room of our hospital with general weakness and poor oral intake. He had started to take prednisolone to treat adrenal insufficiency 2 days previously. Laboratory results revealed hyperuricemia, hyperphosphatemia, and increased creatinine. These abnormalities fulfilled the criteria in the Cairo-Bishop definition of tumor lysis syndrome. Although the patient received adequate hydration, severe metabolic acidosis and acute kidney injury progressed unabated. He finally developed multiple organ failure, and died 3 days after admission. This was a case of tumor lysis syndrome caused by administration of low-dose steroid in a patient with HCC. (Clin Mol Hepatol 2015
URI
http://e-cmh.org/journal/view.php?doi=10.3350/cmh.2015.21.1.85#http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/22749
ISSN
2287-2728; 2287-285X
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.3350/cmh.2015.21.1.85
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COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > MEDICINE(의학과) > Articles
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