Contribution of the family environment to depression in Korean adults with epilepsy

Title
Contribution of the family environment to depression in Korean adults with epilepsy
Author
고성호
Keywords
Depression; Adult epilepsy; Caregiver; Family factors
Issue Date
2015-02
Publisher
W B SAUNDERS CO LTD
Citation
SEIZURE-EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF EPILEPSY, v. 25, Page. 26-31
Abstract
Purpose: Depression is common in adults with epilepsy and an important factor that affects quality of life in these individuals. However, there are few studies on the interactions between epilepsy and family factors in adults and we here investigate this association. Methods: This cross-sectional, multicenter study collected data on 391 adults with epilepsy and their caregivers recruited from 27 hospitals throughout Korea. The Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Stigma Scale, and Caregiver Burden Inventory (CBI) were used to evaluate the study population. Multivariate analysis was conducted using hierarchical linear regression. The Sobel test and structural equation modeling were used to examine interrelationships among the potential factors. Results: The mean patient BDI score was 16.3 (SD = 11.1). Depressive symptoms (BDI >= 10) were in 68.3% and 57.0% in patients and their caregivers, respectively. Hierarchical linear regression analysis only identified caregiver BDI (beta = 0.219; p < 0.001) as an independent factor related to patient BDI. The mediational model suggested that caregiver BDI mediated the effects of other family factors on patient BDI: caregiver's educational level (p = 0.002), caregiver's CBI score (p < 0.001), caregiver's Stigma Scale score (p < 0.001), and family APGAR score (p < 0.001). In addition, structural equation modeling showed that the relation between caregiver and patient BDI was unidirectional. Conclusion: Caregiver depression is the most important contributor to depression in adults with epilepsy. The other family factors such as caregiver's perception of burden and the level of family function are indirectly correlated with patient depression via the mediating effects of caregiver depression. (C) 2014 British Epilepsy Association. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
URI
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1059131114003100http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/22454
ISSN
1059-1311; 1532-2688
DOI
10.1016/j.seizure.2014.11.011
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > MEDICINE(의학과) > Articles
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