Effect of fuel injection pressure and injection timing of Karanja biodiesel blends on fuel spray, engine performance, emissions and combustion characteristics

Title
Effect of fuel injection pressure and injection timing of Karanja biodiesel blends on fuel spray, engine performance, emissions and combustion characteristics
Authors
이창식
Keywords
Combustion; Karanja biodiesel; Emissions; Fuel injection pressure; Injection timing
Issue Date
2015-02
Publisher
PERGAMON-ELSEVIER SCIENCE LTD
Citation
ENERGY CONVERSION AND MANAGEMENT, v. 91, Page. 302-314
Abstract
In this investigation, effect of 10%, 20% and 50% Karanja biodiesel blends on injection rate, atomization, engine performance, emissions and combustion characteristics of common rail direct injection (CRDI) type fuel injection system were evaluated in a single cylinder research engine at 300, 500, 750 and 1000 bar fuel injection pressures at different start of injection timings and constant engine speed of 1500 rpm. The duration of fuel injection slightly decreased with increasing blend ratio of biodiesel (Karanja Oil Methyl Ester: KOME) and significantly decreased with increasing fuel injection pressure. The injection rate profile and Sauter mean diameter (D-32) of the fuel droplets are influenced by the injection pressure. Increasing fuel injection pressure generally improves the thermal efficiency of the test fuels. Sauter mean diameter (D-32) and arithmetic mean diameter (D-10) decreased with decreasing Karanja biodiesel content in the blend and significantly increased for higher blends due to relatively higher fuel density and viscosity. Maximum thermal efficiency was observed at the same injection timing for biodiesel blends and mineral diesel. Lower Karanja biodiesel blends (up to 20%) showed lower brake specific hydrocarbon (BSHC) and carbon monoxide (BSCO) emissions in comparison to mineral diesel. For lower Karanja biodiesel blends, combustion duration was shorter than mineral diesel however at higher fuel injection pressures, combustion duration of 50% blend was longer than mineral diesel. Up to 10% Karanja biodiesel blends in a CRDI engines improves brake thermal efficiency and reduces emissions, without any requirement of hardware changes or ECU recalibration. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
URI
http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0196890414010334http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/22283
ISSN
0196-8904; 1879-2227
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.enconman.2014.12.004
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > MECHANICAL ENGINEERING(기계공학부) > Articles
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