Occurrence of phosphorylated castasterone in Arabidopsis thaliana and Lycopersicum esculentum

Title
Occurrence of phosphorylated castasterone in Arabidopsis thaliana and Lycopersicum esculentum
Authors
김태욱
Keywords
LILY ANTHERS; BOMBYX-MORI; CELL-SUSPENSION CULTURES; BRASSICA-NAPUS; ORNITHOPUS-SATIVUS; PUTATIVE ACYLTRANSFERASE; BRASSINOSTEROID LEVELS; EMBRYONIC DIAPAUSE; ABIOTIC STRESSES; PLANT-GROWTH
Issue Date
2015-01
Publisher
WILEY-BLACKWELL
Citation
PHYSIOLOGIA PLANTARUM, v. 153, NO 1, Page. 58-67
Abstract
An in vitro enzyme assay using radioisotope-labeled H-3-castasterone (H-3-CS) or P-32-ATP showed that CS can be phosphorylated by ATP in Arabidopsis and tomato plants. Gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) analysis using non-isotope-labeled CS and ATP revealed that the phosphorylation of CS occurs at the side chain, most likely at the C-23 hydroxyl. The polar fractions than free brassinosteroids (BRs) obtained from extracts of Arabidopsis and tomato showed almost no BRs activity in a rice lamina inclination bioassay. However, the fractions showed increased bioactivity after treatment with wheat germ acidic phosphatase (WGAP). Additionally, CS was identified from the hydrolysate by WGAP using GC-MS analysis in both plants. In contrast, the polar fractions obtained from BR-deficient mutants, Arabidopsis cyp85a2 and tomato d(x), did not show an increase in biological activity with WGAP treatment, and no free BRs, including CS, were detected in the hydrolysate. This suggests that CS phosphate is a naturally occurring biologically inactive conjugate that is generated when CS is normally synthesized in Arabidopsis and tomato plants. Taken together, these results suggest that phosphorylation of CS is an important conjugation process for the maintenance of the homeostatic level of an active BR and thus the regulation of the growth and development of plants.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/21522http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/ppl.12242/full
ISSN
0031-9317
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/ppl.12242
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF NATURAL SCIENCES[S](자연과학대학) > LIFE SCIENCE(생명과학과) > Articles
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