Red Blood Cell Generation by Three-Dimensional Aggregate Cultivation of Late Erythroblasts

Title
Red Blood Cell Generation by Three-Dimensional Aggregate Cultivation of Late Erythroblasts
Authors
백은정
Issue Date
2015-01
Publisher
MARY ANN LIEBERT
Citation
TISSUE ENGINEERING PART A, v. 21, NO 3-4, Page. 817-828
Abstract
Stem cell-derived erythroid cells hold great potential for the treatment of blood-loss anemia and for erythropoiesis research; however, cultures using conventional flat plates or bioreactors have failed to show promising results. By mimicking the in vivo bone marrow (BM) environment in which most erythroid cells are physically aggregated, we show that a three-dimensional (3D) aggregate culture system facilitates erythroid cell maturation and red blood cell (RBC) production more effectively than two-dimensional high-density cell cultivation. Late erythroblasts (polychromatic or orthochromatic erythroblasts) were differentiated from cord blood CD34+ cells over 15 days and then allowed to form tight aggregates at a minimum density of 1 · 107 cells/mL for 2–3 days. To scale up the cell culture and to make the media supply efficient throughout the cell aggregates, several macroporous microcarriers and porous scaffolds were applied to the 3D culture system. In comparison to control culture conditions, erythroid cells in 3D aggregates were significantly more differentiated toward RBCs with significantly reduced nuclear dysplasia. When 3D culture was performed inside macroporous microcarriers, the cell culture scale was increased and cells exhibited enhanced differentiation and enucleation. Microcarriers with a pore diameter of approximately 400 mm produced more mature cells than those with a smaller pore diameter. In addition, this aggregate culture method minimized the culture space and media volume required. In conclusion, a 3D aggregate culture system can be used to generate transfusable human erythrocytes at the terminal maturation stage, mimicking the in vivo BM microenvironment. Porous structures can efficiently maximize the culture scale, enabling large-scale production of RBCs. These results enhance our understanding of the importance of physical contact among late erythroblasts for their final maturation into RBCs.
URI
http://hdl.handle.net/20.500.11754/21309http://online.liebertpub.com/doi/full/10.1089/ten.tea.2014.0325
ISSN
1937-3341
DOI
http://dx.doi.org/10.1089/ten.tea.2014.0325
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > MEDICINE(의학과) > Articles
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