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Determinants of Bus Rapid Transit Ridership: System-Level Analysis

Title
Determinants of Bus Rapid Transit Ridership: System-Level Analysis
Author
고준호
Keywords
Bus rapid transit; Ridership; Demand; Public transit; Two-stage regression; Network effects
Issue Date
2019-06
Publisher
ASCE-AMER SOC CIVIL ENGINEERS
Citation
JOURNAL OF URBAN PLANNING AND DEVELOPMENT, v. 145, NO 2, 04019004
Abstract
As one type of transit mode, bus rapid transit (BRT) systems have gained popularity worldwide for providing fast and easy access for citizens to fulfill their transportation needs. Current literature in the field does well in covering the identification and discussion of different elements of BRT systems and their effects, but the literature falls short of exploring factors that affect BRT ridership. Based on available databases, this study presents system-level macroscopic analyses that identify factors affecting the daily ridership of 111 BRT systems worldwide. Obtained from statistical models, including two-stage least-squares models, the results indicate that BRT system elements that are capable of improving travel-time reliability, such as passing lanes and median bus lanes, together with system supply size, may positively impact ridership. In addition, the analyses show that the existence of multimetro lines can increase BRT ridership by 41% and that the operation of both integrated fare collection and real-time information systems can boost ridership by 47%. Finally, it is shown that BRT speed may be associated with ridership.
URI
https://ascelibrary.org/doi/10.1061/%28ASCE%29UP.1943-5444.0000506http://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/121976
ISSN
0733-9488; 1943-5444
DOI
10.1061/(ASCE)UP.1943-5444.0000506
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > URBAN PLANNING AND ENGINEERING(도시공학과) > Articles
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