vascular intervention; surgical robot; haptic; catheter; steering; master-slave system
APPLIED SCIENCES-BASEL, v. 9, No. 20, Article no. 4305
Vascular intervention involves inserting a catheter and guidewire into blood vessels to diagnose and treat a disease in an X-ray environment. In this conventional vascular intervention procedure, the doctor is exposed to considerable radiation. To reduce the exposure, we developed a master-slave robot system. A steerable catheter is employed to shorten the task-time and reduce the contact force applied to the vessel walls during catheter insertion. The steerable catheter helps to select a vascular branch; thus, the radiation exposure time for patients is reduced, and perforation in the patient's vessel is prevented. Additionally, the robot system employs a haptic function to replicate the physician's tactile sensing in vascular intervention. In this study, the effectiveness of the steering catheter and haptic function was demonstrated experimentally in comparison with a conventional catheter.