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Development of a Spherical Positioning Robot and Navigation System for Precise and Repetitive Non-Invasive Brain Stimulation

Title
Development of a Spherical Positioning Robot and Navigation System for Precise and Repetitive Non-Invasive Brain Stimulation
Author
이성온
Keywords
non-invasive brain stimulation; robotic positioning device; neuro-navigation system
Issue Date
2019-10
Publisher
MDPI
Citation
APPLIED SCIENCES-BASEL, v. 9, No. 21, Article no. 4561
Abstract
Although non-invasive brain stimulation techniques do not involve surgical procedures, the challenge remains in correctly locating the stimulator from outside the head. There is a limit to which one can manually and precisely position and orient the stimulator or repeatedly move the stimulator around the same position. Therefore, in this study, we developed a serial robot with 6 degrees-of-freedom to move the stimulator and a neuro-navigation system to determine the stimulus point from looking at the shape of the subject’s brain. The proposed robot applied a spherical mechanism while considering the safety of the subject, and the workspace of the robot was designed considering the shape of the human head. Position-based visual servoing was applied to compensate for unexpected movements during subject stimulation. We also developed a neuronavigation system that allows us visually to check the focus of the stimulator and the human brain at the same time and command the robot to the desired point. To verify the system performance, we first performed repeatability and motion compensation experiments of the robot and then evaluated the repeated biosignal response experiments through transcranial magnetic stimulation, a representative technique of non-invasive brain stimulation.
URI
https://www.mdpi.com/2076-3417/9/21/4561http://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/121253
ISSN
2076-3417
DOI
10.3390/app9214561
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING SCIENCES[E](공학대학) > ELECTRICAL ENGINEERING(전자공학부) > Articles
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