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The effect of incumbency in national and local elections: Evidence from South Korea

Title
The effect of incumbency in national and local elections: Evidence from South Korea
Author
송병권
Keywords
REGRESSION-DISCONTINUITY DESIGN; US-HOUSE ELECTIONS; CANDIDATE SELECTION; ADVANTAGE; DISADVANTAGE; TURNOVER; JAPAN; RACES; VOTE
Issue Date
2018-12
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Citation
ELECTORAL STUDIES, v. 56, page. 47-60
Abstract
In this paper, we investigate the effect of incumbency in three different electoral settings in South Korea using a regression discontinuity (RD) design. We claim that incumbency provides advantages in local elections, but its positive effects diminish in national legislative elections. Local politicians have an opportunity to develop close ties with their constituents, insulating themselves from national politics; but, due to the centralized nature of national politics, members of the National Assembly do not. Consistent with our expectation, incumbency effects are generally positive in local elections, but insignificant or even negative in national legislative elections. We also find that politicians who previously held local elected office enjoy an incumbency advantage in national legislative elections.
URI
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0261379418302695?via%3Dihubhttp://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/121188
ISSN
0261-3794; 1873-6890
DOI
10.1016/j.electstud.2018.09.005
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF POLICY SCIENCE[S](정책과학대학) > POLICY STUDIES(정책학과) > Articles
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