DNA structure discovery; Research ethics; Engineering and leadership; Engineering and teamwork; Engineering and woman
공학교육연구, v. 21, no. 6, page. 54-62
This study is an analysis of the process of the discovery of the DNA double helix structure from an engineering literacy education perspective. The explanation of the DNA double helix structure by James Watson and Francis Crick in 1952 is a well-known scientific episode. The process is also a combination of various incidents that can frequently happen in competitive engineering research and development situations. Therefore, the process of the discovery of the DNA structure is a remarkable event that can cover all subjects, such as engineering and ethics, research ethics, communication between researchers, engineering and leadership, engineering and teamwork, and engineering and women. This paper focuses on analyzing the research ethics issues associated with Rosalind Franklin and comparing and analyzing the three teams that were very close to the discovery of the DNA structure. By looking at why the Watson and Crick team got the final answer instead of the Linus Pauling’s team or the Maurice Wilkins and Rosalind Franklin’s team, the virtues of the technology development process that should be taught in engineering literacy education will be naturally presented.