14 1

Racial differences in comorbidity profile among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

Title
Racial differences in comorbidity profile among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Author
이현
Keywords
COPD; Comorbidity; Race; Ethnicity
Issue Date
2018-10
Publisher
BMC
Citation
BMC MEDICINE, v. 16, Article no. 178
Abstract
Background: Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) is often accompanied by multiple comorbidities, which are associated with an increased risk of exacerbation, a poor health-related quality of life, and high mortality. However, differences in comorbidity profile by race and ethnicity in COPD patients have not been fully elucidated.Methods: Participants aged 40 to 79 years with spirometry-defined COPD from the U.S. National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) (2007-2012) and from the Korea NHANES (2007-2015) were analyzed to compare the prevalence of comorbidities by race and ethnicity group. Comorbidities were defined using questionnaire data, physical exams, and laboratory tests.Results: Non-Hispanic Whites had the highest prevalence of dyslipidemia (65.5%), myocardial infarction (6.2%), osteoarthritis (40.1%), and osteoporosis (13.6%), while non-Hispanic Blacks had the highest prevalence of asthma (24.0%), hypertension (70.2%), stroke (7.3%), diabetes mellitus (DM) (23.3%), anemia (16.4%), and rheumatoid arthritis (11.9%). Compared to non-Hispanic Whites, non-Hispanic Blacks had a significantly higher prevalence of hypertension, stroke, DM, anemia, and rheumatoid arthritis after adjusting for age, sex, body mass index, and smoking status, while Hispanics had a significantly higher prevalence of DM and anemia, and Koreans had significantly lower prevalences of all comorbidities except stroke, DM, and anemia.Conclusions: COPD-related comorbidities varied significantly by race and ethnicity, and different strategies may be required for the optimal management of COPD and its comorbidities in different race and ethnicity groups.
URI
https://bmcmedicine.biomedcentral.com/articles/10.1186/s12916-018-1159-7http://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/120355
ISSN
1741-7015
DOI
10.1186/s12916-018-1159-7
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > MEDICINE(의학과) > Articles
Files in This Item:
Racial differences in comorbidity profile among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.pdfDownload
Export
RIS (EndNote)
XLS (Excel)
XML


qrcode

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

BROWSE