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Structural factor of nanoparticles in the stress-induced crystallization of poly (ethylene terephthalate)

Title
Structural factor of nanoparticles in the stress-induced crystallization of poly (ethylene terephthalate)
Author
김병철
Keywords
Fibres (material); Nano composites (material); Stress relaxation (analysis); X-ray diffraction (testing); Melt-spinning (processing)
Issue Date
2018-09
Publisher
ELSEVIER SCI LTD
Citation
COMPOSITES SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY, v. 165, page. 314-321
Abstract
The crystallization behavior of poly(ethylene terephthalate) (PET) nanocomposites with clay and trisilanol isobutyl-polyhedral oligomeric silsesquioxane (TPOSS) in the high-speed spinning process was investigated in terms of take-up speed and content of nanoparticles. The spherical TPOSS promoted the crystallization of PET. On the other hand, the plate-like clay with the aspect ratio of 250 suppressed it. At the take-up speed of 3.5 km/min, the crystallinity of the PET nanocomposite containing 1 wt% of clay was 23%, much lower than 48% of neat PET and 57% of the PET nanocomposite containing 2 wt% of TPOSS. The 2D-WAXS analysis revealed that the anisotropic clay nanoparticles aligned parallel to the fiber axis even in the fiber prepared from the free-fall spinning process. Increasing the take-up speed of spinning further increased the degree of orientation of the particle. Because of the suppressed crystallization of PET by the highly oriented clay nanoparticles, the fiber of the PET/clay nanocomposite did not give any characteristic 2D-SAXS pattern over the take-up speed range examined, indicating the absence of tilted lamellar stacks. In the fibers of neat PET and PET/TPOSS nano composites, however, an X-shaped 4-point pattern was obtained at low take-up speeds, which was converted to the scattering pattern of an equatorial streak with the inverse triangular scatterings in the meridional direction at high take-up speeds. The transition of the 2D-SAXS pattern shape took place at the take-up speed of 4.5 km/min for neat PET which was shifted to the lower speeds of 4 and 3.5 km/min by adding 1 and 2 wt% of TPOSS, respectively.
URI
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S0266353818312478?via%3Dihubhttp://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/120042
ISSN
0266-3538; 1879-1050
DOI
10.1016/j.compscitech.2018.07.020
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > ORGANIC AND NANO ENGINEERING(유기나노공학과) > Articles
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