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The Effects of Natural Disasters on Social Trust: Evidence from South Korea

Title
The Effects of Natural Disasters on Social Trust: Evidence from South Korea
Author
강성훈
Keywords
social trust; natural disasters; weather-related disasters; Asia; South Korea
Issue Date
2018-08
Publisher
MDPI
Citation
SUSTAINABILITY, v. 10, no. 9, Article no. 2973
Abstract
In this paper, we examine whether disasters affect social trust levels using South Korean panel data from 2014-2016. We also investigate whether the effects of disasters on social trust differ depending on the type of disaster. We consider four types of disasters: typhoons, heavy rain, heavy snow and strong winds and waves. Our findings show that although all of these disasters influence the level of generalized social trust, each type has separate impacts. In our findings, there is a statistically significant positive relationship between cumulative damage costs per capita and social trust levels for heavy rain, heavy snow and strong winds and waves but we find the opposite result for typhoons. In the disaster recovery process, it is possible for social trust to be strengthened and weakened at the same time. Social trust can develop when victims such as neighbors and firefighters interact with others. Conversely, when a local government responds slowly to a disaster, dissatisfaction and discontent toward it can increase and this could weaken social trust. Moreover, disaster-affected individuals may be more competitive over limited resources, resulting in conflicts among them. Thus, we argue that the net effects of disasters on social trust levels can differ based on the speed of government responses to disasters and on active support for the victims from people such as neighbors.
URI
https://www.mdpi.com/2071-1050/10/9/2973http://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/119708
ISSN
2071-1050
DOI
10.3390/su10092973
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF POLICY SCIENCE[S](정책과학대학) > POLICY STUDIES(정책학과) > Articles
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