7 0

Anti-Inflammatory Action of Sitagliptin and Linagliptin in Doxorubicin Nephropathy

Title
Anti-Inflammatory Action of Sitagliptin and Linagliptin in Doxorubicin Nephropathy
Author
박준성
Keywords
Blood pressure; Dipeptidyl peptidase-4; Doxorubicin; Inflammasome; NADPH oxidase
Issue Date
2018-06
Publisher
KARGER
Citation
KIDNEY & BLOOD PRESSURE RESEARCH, v. 43, no. 3, page. 987-999
Abstract
Background/Aims: Dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (DPP4) inhibitors are known to have a protective effect on diabetic kidney disease, possibly via reduction of oxidative stress and inflammation in the kidney. However, whether these potential mechanisms play a role in non-diabetic proteinuric kidney diseases is not clear. Methods: Two different animal experiments were carried out using sitagliptin and linagliptin for DPP4 inhibition. In each experiment, male Sprague-Dawley rats were uninephrectomized and randomly divided into vehicle-treated and doxorubicin-treated rats, with or without DPP4 inhibition. Administration of a DPP4 inhibitor was performed daily by oral gavage over six weeks. Results: A single intravenous injection of doxorubicin resulted in hypertension and remarkable proteinuria. Linagliptin, but not sitagliptin, lowered systolic blood pressure in rats with doxorubicin nephropathy. By contrast, sitagliptin ameliorated tubulointerstitial injury, inflammatory cell infiltration, and interstitial fibrosis in rat kidneys with doxorubicin nephropathy. Quantitative polymerase chain reaction analysis revealed that mRNA expression of NLRP3, caspase-1, ASC, and IL-1 beta was remarkably increased in rat kidneys with doxorubicin nephropathy, and that this upregulation of the major components of the NLRP3 inflammasome was effectively suppressed by treatment with either sitagliptin or linagliptin. Additionally, upregulation of IL-6 was reversed by linagliptin, but not by sitagliptin. On the other hand, sitagliptin, but not linagliptin, reversed the increase in mRNA expression of gp91(phox), p47(phox), an p67(phox) in rat kidneys with doxorubicin nephropathy. Conclusion: NLRP3 inflammasome activation was shown in our rat model of doxorubicin nephropathy. DPP4 inhibitors can suppress the activity of NLRP3, with or without relieving NADPH oxidase 2-related oxidative stress.
URI
https://www.karger.com/Article/FullText/490688http://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/119097
ISSN
1420-4096; 1423-0143
DOI
10.1159/000490688
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > MEDICINE(의학과) > Articles
Files in This Item:
There are no files associated with this item.
Export
RIS (EndNote)
XLS (Excel)
XML


qrcode

Items in DSpace are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.

BROWSE