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Pivotal factors for successful withdrawal of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in rheumatoid arthritis patients in remission or with low-disease activity

Title
Pivotal factors for successful withdrawal of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in rheumatoid arthritis patients in remission or with low-disease activity
Author
전재범
Keywords
NSAIDs; Outcome measures; Pain control; Rheumatoid arthritis
Issue Date
2018-02
Publisher
SPRINGER LONDON LTD
Citation
CLINICAL RHEUMATOLOGY, v. 37, no. 2, page. 307-314
Abstract
The purpose of this study is to examine the patient-reported outcomes (PRO) after discontinuing nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) and clinical factors associated with a favorable outcome in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) in remission or with low-disease activity (LDA). A 16-week prospective open-label trial was conducted at eight rheumatology clinics in Korea. RA patients with 28-joint disease activity score based on erythrocyte sedimentation rate (DAS28-ESR) < 3.2 who were on NSAIDs for more than a month were enrolled, and NSAIDs were discontinued. Acetaminophen (AAP) was used as the rescue medication, and NSAIDs were restarted when joint pain was intolerable with AAP. The endpoint was to analyze the group of patients who continued to withdraw NSAIDs. Among 109 enrolled patients, 105 completed the 16-week follow-up. Eighty-nine (84.8%) patients remained without restarting NSAIDs. In these patients, there was a slight increase in their pain levels compared with baseline (median 14.0 versus 19.0 using the pain-visual analog scale, p = 0.010). However, changes in DAS28-ESR (p = 0.638) and routine assessment of patient index data 3 (RAPID-3) (p = 0.128) were insignificant. Moreover, 66 (62.9%) patients showed sustained effectiveness on PRO without restarting NSAIDs. In the multivariate regression models, joint swelling was the detrimental factor in NSAID withdrawal (odds ratio [OR] 0.149, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.033-0.680, p = 0.014) and sustained effectiveness (OR 0.284, 95% CI 0.091-0.883, p = 0.030). Joint pain in RA patients in remission or with LDA can be well managed without NSAIDs, especially in those without swollen joints at the time of cessation.
URI
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs10067-017-3863-7http://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/117603
ISSN
0770-3198; 1434-9949
DOI
10.1007/s10067-017-3863-7
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF MEDICINE[S](의과대학) > MEDICINE(의학과) > Articles
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