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Effects of Solder Volume and Reflow Conditions on Self-Alignment Accuracy for Fan-Out Package Applications

Title
Effects of Solder Volume and Reflow Conditions on Self-Alignment Accuracy for Fan-Out Package Applications
Author
김영호
Keywords
Flip chip self-alignment; solder volume; reflow; fan-out package
Issue Date
2018-01
Publisher
SPRINGER
Citation
JOURNAL OF ELECTRONIC MATERIALS, v. 47, no. 1, page. 133-141
Abstract
The effects of solder volume and reaction time between molten solder and a metal pad at the peak temperature of reflow on the self-alignment effect have been investigated in flip chip bonding. A glass die with two different pad designs and a flame retardant-4 (FR-4) organic substrate were used. Sn-3.0Ag-0.5Cu and Sn-3.5Ag solders were formed on Cu-organic solderability preservation (Cu-OSP) and electroless nickel electroless palladium immersion gold (ENEPIG) pads on FR-4 substrates using the stencil printing method. To assess the effect of solder volume, the thickness and opening size of the stencil mask were controlled. Reflow experiments were performed at 250A degrees C with wetting times of 40 s, 55 s, 65 s, and 75 s. After flip chip reflow soldering, the bonding areas were cross-sectioned to inspect the shape of the interconnected solder using scanning electron microscopy. The results revealed that using an insufficient solder volume on the pad was responsible for die shifts larger than 1 mu m, while a sufficient solder volume on the pad and a stable solder joint shape could ensure misalignment less than 1 mu m. The Sn-3.0Ag-0.5Cu solder showed a lower die shift value than the Sn-3.5Ag solder because the Sn-3.0Ag-0.5Cu solder has stronger surface tension than the Sn-3.5Ag solder. Using a longer wetting time between the solder and the pad at the peak temperature also improved the die shift value because the increased reaction time changed the interconnected solder shape between the die and substrate from concave to convex, moving the die to a more accurate position. Furthermore, the restoring forces on die self-alignment influenced the die shift value. A stronger solder surface tension and a larger volume of solder on the pad produced stronger restoring forces for die self-alignment, thereby improving the die shift value.
URI
https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs11664-017-5883-0http://repository.hanyang.ac.kr/handle/20.500.11754/116968
ISSN
0361-5235; 1543-186X
DOI
10.1007/s11664-017-5883-0
Appears in Collections:
COLLEGE OF ENGINEERING[S](공과대학) > MATERIALS SCIENCE AND ENGINEERING(신소재공학부) > Articles
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